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i am very new at linux
well, there so many commands in linux . now i just know some basic ones ,such as " rpm, tar, mount" etc.
i am confused now, what should do now ? which commands have to be mastered?
please give me some advice , thanks
Right click on the link and choose "Open Link in New Window". Mozilla has the added andvantages of tabs too - right click on the link and choose "Open Link in New Tab". For instance I keep all my LQ page in one window but in differnet tabs. You can also use:
Ctrl+T (for an empty tab)
Ctrl+N (for an empty window)
That is a pipe and is used to send the standard output (STDOUT) of one program to the Standard Input (STDIN) of another. In the ps example looking for mozilla proccesses:
ps -ef | grep mozilla
You can use "ps -ef" to generate a list of running proccesses and output to the standard output, the screen by default, but if instead you pipe "|" it to another program - in this case grep (a tool used for looking for lines containing a specific string - eg "grep mozilla" looks for lines containing mozilla) that program will read the information and proccess it rather than it just being sent to the screen.
The reason you see output on the screen is because grep is giving it as output.
ps -ef (generate a proccess listing)
grep mozilla (Look for lines containing "mozilla")
The final STDOUT appears on the screen on teh default output - the screen.
thank you , i have learned a lot from you.
it is useful to copy the output of the console
and it is easy to do it in the X environment
is there ways to copy the output of the console before use "startx"?
I'm about the same place you are, but here are the commands I heard are "most basic".
pwd = Print working directory
cd = Change directory
ls = List [Directory]
cp = Copy [File] with switch -r [Copy entire directory]
mv = Move [File] this can also "rename file" as you move it
mkdir = Make a directory
rm = Remove file also uses switches -r -f -i
su = Change to "root"
grep = Find [a "term"]
I'm running Win98SE right now, but I have a "good command link" on my Linux drive. I'll try to post it back here.
Thank you OldBob
when i used the "rm" for the first time to remove a directory with a lot of files in it , you know what , i had to answer "yes" for hundreds of times to confirm! so i would rather right click them now