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Old 02-20-2016, 03:22 PM   #1
NotionCommotion
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Moving to a directory with wildcard


I was really nervous I did something stupid, but think I got lucky (yea, I know it is always a bad idea operating as root, but got lazy.

Did I just move projectx, projectx_2_25_15, and projectx_lib to inside projectx_old?

Why did that happen?

Code:
[root@devserver www]# ls -l
total 716
drwxrwxr-x. 17 Michael Michael   4096 Feb 20 12:05 projectx
drwxrwxr-x. 15 Michael Michael   4096 Feb 24  2015 projectx_2_25_15
drwxrwsr-x.  9 Michael www       4096 May 29  2014 projectx_lib
drwxrwsr-x. 11 root    www       4096 Nov 15  2014 projectx_old
drwxrwxr-x.  3 Michael Michael   4096 Aug 18  2015 cdn
drwxr-xr-x.  2 root    root      4096 Dec 15 07:51 cgi-bin
drwxrwxr-x. 10 Michael Michael   4096 Jan 24 05:46 dashboard
-rw-r--r--.  1 root    root    393037 Feb 20 12:06 diff.txt
drwxr-xr-x.  3 root    root      4096 Dec 28 05:21 error
drwxrwsr-x.  3 phped   www       4096 Jan 22  2015 ezsbt
drwxr-xr-x.  2 root    root      4096 Dec 15 07:51 html
drwxr-xr-x.  3 root    root      4096 Dec 28 05:21 icons
-rwxrwxr-x.  1 phped   phped   281035 Nov 26 07:31 lite_php_browscap.ini
drwxr-xr-x.  3 root    root      4096 Dec  7 05:04 manual
drwxrwxr-x.  3 Michael www       4096 May 23  2015 phpVirtualBox
drwxrwxr-x.  3 Michael Michael   4096 Dec  7 06:16 python
[root@devserver www]# mv diff.txt pro*
[root@devserver www]# ls -l
total 320
drwxrwsr-x. 14 root    www       4096 Feb 20 12:06 projectx_old
drwxrwxr-x.  3 Michael Michael   4096 Aug 18  2015 cdn
drwxr-xr-x.  2 root    root      4096 Dec 15 07:51 cgi-bin
drwxrwxr-x. 10 Michael Michael   4096 Jan 24 05:46 dashboard
drwxr-xr-x.  3 root    root      4096 Dec 28 05:21 error
drwxrwsr-x.  3 phped   www       4096 Jan 22  2015 ezsbt
drwxr-xr-x.  2 root    root      4096 Dec 15 07:51 html
drwxr-xr-x.  3 root    root      4096 Dec 28 05:21 icons
-rwxrwxr-x.  1 phped   phped   281035 Nov 26 07:31 lite_php_browscap.ini
drwxr-xr-x.  3 root    root      4096 Dec  7 05:04 manual
drwxrwxr-x.  3 Michael www       4096 May 23  2015 phpVirtualBox
drwxrwxr-x.  3 Michael Michael   4096 Dec  7 06:16 python
[root@devserver www]# cd pro*
[root@devserver projectx_old]# ls -l
total 1488
drwxrwsr-x.  3 Michael www        4096 Nov 15  2014 application
drwxrwsr-x.  2 phped   www        4096 Jun 12  2014 backup_database
drwxrwsr-x.  8 root    www        4096 May  3  2014 backup_help
drwxrwxr-x. 17 Michael Michael    4096 Feb 20 12:05 projectx
drwxrwxr-x. 15 Michael Michael    4096 Feb 24  2015 projectx_2_25_15
drwxrwsr-x.  9 Michael www        4096 May 29  2014 projectx_lib
drwxrwsr-x.  2 root    www        4096 May 31  2014 cache
-rw-rw-r--.  1 Michael www          54 Sep 20  2014 composer.json
-rw-rw-r--.  1 Michael www        2552 Sep 20  2014 composer.lock
-rwxr-xr-x.  1 Michael www     1018206 Sep 20  2014 composer.phar
-rw-r--r--.  1 root    root     393037 Feb 20 12:06 diff.txt
drwxrwsr-x. 11 root    www        4096 Nov 15  2014 html
-rw-r--r--.  1 root    www       43083 Nov 12  2014 httpd.conf
drwxrwsr-x.  2 root    www        4096 Sep 13  2014 passwords
-rwxrwxr-x.  1 root    www          22 Apr 27  2014 private
drwxrwsr-x.  2 root    www        4096 Nov 14  2014 resources
-rw-r--r--.  1 root    www        2919 Nov  8  2014 rsyslog.php
drwxrwsr-x.  4 Michael www        4096 Sep 20  2014 vendor
-rwxrwxr-x.  1 phped   www          18 Jun  4  2014 XSendFile.txt
[root@devserver projectx_old]#
 
Old 02-20-2016, 06:45 PM   #2
smallpond
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When you give mv more than two args and the last is a directory, it moves all but the last into the directory. Fortunately, you should be able to just mv them back (one-by-one this time!)
 
Old 02-20-2016, 07:00 PM   #3
astrogeek
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Quote:
Originally Posted by NotionCommotion View Post
Did I just move projectx, projectx_2_25_15, and projectx_lib to inside projectx_old?

Why did that happen?
To elaborate what smallpond said, when you wrote...

Code:
mv diff.txt pro*
The shell expanded it to...

Code:
mv diff.txt projectx projectx_2_25_15 projectx_lib projectx_old
So all the files and directories resulting from the expansion were moved into the last directory, which happened to be projectx_old.
 
Old 02-21-2016, 07:50 PM   #4
lonewolfe
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Registered: Feb 2016
Posts: 2

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To: NotionCommotion

You have to be very careful with some commands especially when you are root. The shell can be unforgiving at our expense. The mv command has two modes. One, is to move files to another location and second, to rename files. Usually, the wildcard is used on files when moving to another directory.

eg.

mv *.txt projectx_old/

Or in your case, the proper way

mv diff.txt projectx_old/

If you want to move files to multiple directories, you can execute the mv command and change the target directory on each instance, or you can do a for loop with the directories.

Last edited by lonewolfe; 02-21-2016 at 08:46 PM.
 
  


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