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Introduction to Linux - A Hands on Guide
This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter.
For more advanced trainees it can be a desktop reference, and a collection of the base knowledge needed to proceed with system and network administration. This book contains many real life examples derived from the author's experience as a Linux system and network administrator, trainer and consultant. They hope these examples will help you to get a better understanding of the Linux system and that you feel encouraged to try out things on your own.
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after you unzip it using the gzip command, do a ls, that is a small L. See if it is there. It should be a directory with the same name. If not, you may need to untar it as well. The command should be
tar -xvf <filename>
That will create a directory that you can cd into and run the command.
Hope that helps.
Little info here. When a file ends in .tar.gz, you have to start with the very last part of the file. Gzip will take off the gz. Tar -xvf will take off the .tar and put it in a new directory. Then you have a directory with the original files.
The tar part takes a bunch of files and/or directories and makes one big file. The gz compresses them to make them smaller.
Smart Link Soft Modem for Linux
This is Smart Link Soft Modem for Linux version 2.X. It provides
full-featured 56K Voice Fax Modem.
Modem: V.92, V.90, V.34, V.32bis, V.23, V.22, V.21, Bell 103/212.
Flow control: V.42, MNP 2-4.
Compression: V.44, V.42bis, MNP5.
Fax: Class 1.
Voice: ADPCM voice compression, Digital Answering Machine.
CPU: Intel Pentium II, Celron. AMD K6, Cyrix 400MHz or higher.
Memory: 64MB (may work also with 32MB).
OS: Linux 2.4 series.
HAMR5600 based AMR/CNR/MDC/ACR modem cards on the following Southbridge
- Intel ICH0, ICH2
- Via 686A, 686B, 8231, 8233
- SiS 630
- ALI 1535.
SmartPCI56/561/562/563 based PCI modem cards.
SmartUSB56 based USB modem.
1. Unpack tar.gz package file:
$ gzip -dc slmdm-2.X.X.tar.gz | tar xf -
2. 'cd' to package directory:
$ cd slmdm-2.X.X
3. Review and edit (if need) 'Makefile'.
Note: Probably you will want to correct in Makefile path to your
local linux kernel header files:
Another way is to pass command line the parameter while
$ make KERNEL_INCLUDES=/path/to/linux/include ...
4. Run 'make' command to compile package:
If you are going to use AMR/CNR/PCI modem type (as superuser):
# make install-amr
# make install-usb
if you are going to use USB modem.
It will install:
- modem kernel modules slmdm.o (modem core), slfax.o (fax)
into '/lib/modules/<kernel-version>/misc' directory
(standard linux modules' directory).
- hardware specific kernel module slamrmo.o (for AMR/CNR/PCI) or
slusb.o (for USB) into '/lib/modules/<kernel-version>/misc'
directory (standard linux modules' directory).
- country settings data file 'country.dat' into directory '/etc'.
Also it will:
- create character tty device entry '/dev/ttySL0' with major
number 212 and symbolic link 'dev/modem'.
- config you '/etc/modules.conf' file in order to provide
possibility for loading the modem modules into kernel on demand
automatically by kmod, when you are going to use them.
Note: currently you cannot use both AMR/CNR/PCI and USB Modems.
6. Config modem country.
You can configure your current country by using module parameters
'country' or 'country_code'.
Add 'options' directive line to file '/etc/modules.conf':
options slmdm country=<MyCountry>
, for example
options slmdm country=USA
, or use module parameter while module loading:
# modprobe slmdm country=<MyCountry>
Use 'slver -c' to see list of all supported countries and their
codes (utility 'slver' may be found in package directory).
Note: Command ATI7 shows installed country setting.
7. Using the modem.
Installation will automatically create character tty device entry
'/dev/ttySL0' with major number 212 and symbolic link '/dev/modem'.
Use one of them as modem device for your dialing application.
In package directory just type:
# make uninstall
1. Build SRPM and RPM from tar.gz package:
In order to build RPM and SRPM run command:
# rpm -ta slmdm-2.X.X.tar.gz
It will build in your RPM directory:
- slmdm-2.X.X-Y.src.rpm - Source SRPM package
- slmdm-2.X.X-Y.i386.rpm - Core Modem RPM package
- slmdm-amr-2.X.X-Y.i386.rpm - AMR/CNR/PCI Modem driver
- slmdm-usb-2.X.X-Y.i386.rpm - USB Modem driver
To install Modem core package run:
# rpm -i /path/to/slmdm-2.X.X-Y.i386.rpm
To install Modem hw driver run:
# rpm -i /path/to/slmdm-amr-2.X.X-Y.i386.rpm
if you are going to use AMR/CNR/PCI Modem, or
# rpm -i /path/to/slmdm-usb-2.X.X-Y.i386.rpm
if you are going to use SmartUSB56 Modem.
Note: currently you cannot install and use both AMR/CNR/PCI and USB Modems.
# rpm -e slmdm slmdm-<amr|usb>
After successful installation and configuration modules will be loaded on
demand if you are using 'kmod' in linux kernel.
Also you can load modules by hand:
# modprobe slamrmo
if you are using AMR/CNR/PCI modem, or
# modprobe slusb
if you are using SmartUSB56 Modem.
If you get an error message during installation/configuration or loading
the modules try to see it in FAQ file.
Please report the problem to your modem provider or to us