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Old 05-28-2004, 04:04 AM   #1
Tc2172
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Mandrake 10 Support for 1 gig RAM and P4 w/ HT


I am very new to linux and just installed Mandrake 10 official. At the end of the instal it asked me to configure my boot setttings with LILO. I did find a url on mandrakes site that briefly explained that those were the linux kernals show on the Mandrake Linux Control Center 10 Boot Loader. Where I am at a loss is what one do I select? I do want to use the full potential of my HT P4, but using the default my system says that I only have 896 megs of ram when I really have 2x512megs of RAM.

The other options I have are

linux-nonfb
linux-i686-up-4-gb
263.7
linux-smp
failsafe
windows

Windows of course is used for the dual boot and I am not having any problems other then not seeing all my ram. The only option that works with all my ram that I have tried so far is the i686 one. Could someone explain to me what these mean and waht I can do to get linux to optimize my P4 2.8 ghg w/HT, 2x512 DDR400 RAM

let me know if there is anything else that I should post about my system.

For the boot loader is there a better one I can use...Can I just remove the ones I dont use so when LILO loads I just see windows and linux as my two options?

For my windows NTFS partition, can linux view the partition just not write. I ideally would keep all my MP3s and movies and such on the NTFS and just play them on linux.

Is there anyway you can make the system not beeb at POST? I have an FIC VL67 Case.



Thank you again for responding to my post.


Scott

Last edited by Tc2172; 05-28-2004 at 04:07 AM.
 
Old 05-28-2004, 04:06 AM   #2
Tc2172
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--

For the boot loader is there a better one I can use...Can I just remove the ones I dont use so when LILO loads I just see windows and linux as my two options?
 
Old 05-28-2004, 06:28 AM   #3
Vlad-A
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Hi,

1) The question with 1 GB RAM:

Linux has several memory management models:

a) normal - about 900 MB (actually something less then 900 MB)
b) Highmem 4 GB - for memory up to 4 GB
c) Highmem 64 GB - for memory up to 64 GB

Which memory management model is used depends onthe kernel configuration.

So I assume that the option linux-i686-up-4-gb loads a kernel that is configured for Highmem.
The name also indicates that. Therefore you get with this option 1GB RAM.

The other options do load a kernel which has "normal" memory management model. That's why you get here only around 900 MB RAM.

Having said that: **Your system behavior seems normal to me**

linux-smp should be a SMP kernel (Symmetric Multi-Processor) - for the case you have multiple CPUs in your system.

2) About the lilo menu

take a look on /etc/lilo.conf

There are listed all the menu entries. You can remove the ones you do not want to be displayed.
I *suggest* you make prior editing lilo.conf a backup.
cp /etc/lilo.conf /etc/lolo.conf.old

Make sure that you load the higmen kernel (linux-i686-up-4-gb) since you have 1 GB RAM.
Also do *not* delete the failsafe option. It's very usefull for recovery in the case you mess up your system.


3) About NTFS and Linux

Yes you can mount a NTFS partition in Linux. Since write to NTFS is still in an experimental phase you
hall mount it read only.
First you need to determine what partition number the NTFS partition has.
If you have only one IDE/ATA drive then it's very likely called hda.
fdisk /dev/hda
enter p and press the enter key. This will display all the partitions on the drive.
The NTFS Partitions have a HPFS/NTFS displayed in the last column.

Remember the /dev/hdX (X is the partition number) and quit fdisk by entering q and
pressing the enter key.

Create a Mountpoint for the NTFS partition. e.g.

md /windows_ntfs

Now add to your /etc/fstab following line

/dev/hdaX /windows_ntfs ntfs ro,user,exec,umask=0222 0 0

X is the partiton number you determined with fdisk.
You can mount now with
mount /windows_ntfs
 
Old 05-28-2004, 02:07 PM   #4
Tc2172
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Thanks

Thanks thats pretty much what I wanted to know.

I did notice on Mandrake that I coud find the partition with NTSF by going through the windows (hiting the up arrow till I hit the "/" directory and then going down till I hit I think hda2 wich is my NTSF partition, I was able to see everything from the trashcan to partition information in the folder) Can I just make a short cut to that folder and use it as my read only view? If so how can I insure that it would be read only?

Anyword when someone is going to reverce engineer NTSF? Hope its soon, seems like I hit agood time to learn how to use linux with all the new versions of Distros coming out lately.

Scott
 
Old 05-28-2004, 03:27 PM   #5
Vlad-A
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Scott
it's read only by default. If you want to have write access then you need to recompile
the kernel with NTFS write enabled.

I would recommen *not* to do that!

Shortcut ? Well in KDS click with the right button on the desktop:
Then "Create- NEW" -> "Device" -> "Hard Disk Device".

Give it a name, and select under the device tab your windows partition.
That's it!
 
Old 05-28-2004, 03:34 PM   #6
Vlad-A
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Scott
it's read only by default. If you want to have write access then you need to recompile
the kernel with NTFS write enabled.

I would recommen *not* to do that!

Shortcut ? Well in KDS click with the right button on the desktop:
Then "Create- NEW" -> "Device" -> "Hard Disk Device".

Give it a name, and select under the device tab your windows partition.
That's it!
 
  


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