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I've been learning about Linux recently and I had a friend with a nice OS (I believe that's what it's called) for Linux . Anyways, It has no icons, no toolbars and the background takes up the whole page until a command prompt goes upwards, but only one line up. I can't really explain because I am the very new at Linux and trying to learn. Could someone identify the OS he has?
Did you by any chance get a look at the OS's DE?
From your description it sounds like it might be Arch Linux.
Aside from that w/o any icons, toolbars etc. it could be that your friend may have had the terminal open or was running his OS in console mode--
There is an amazing number of distributions so your description is hard to determine.
You can benifit from viewing them at http://distrowatch.com/
I've been learning about Linux recently and I had a friend with a nice OS (I believe that's what it's called) for Linux . Anyways, It has no icons, no toolbars and the background takes up the whole page until a command prompt goes upwards, but only one line up.
'Linux' is just the kernel, the desktop (could be from a 'desktop enviroment', 'DE', or a 'window manager', 'WM') is provided by other software.
In most cases, you can not tell what linux vesion is being used just from the desktop enviroment/window manager, as you can run almost all DEs/WMs on most linux distrobutions.
It could well be openbox, like Ztcoracat and Sumguy have guessed, but there is no way of knowing which distro is being used.
Another possibility: with some desktop environments, you can autohide the panels (the thin strips containing menus and icons at the top and/or bottom of the screen) so that they only show when the mouse-cursor is over them. See if you can get more information from your friend.
My thoughts exactly. And further, your friend can help you installing and configuring the same OS. Cautionary note, you're picking an OS based on "some amount of time observing someone else", but as you've said; you're new to Linux and learning.
That said, what you saw appears to have been a command prompt.