Linux - NewbieThis Linux forum is for members that are new to Linux.
Just starting out and have a question?
If it is not in the man pages or the how-to's this is the place!
Welcome to LinuxQuestions.org, a friendly and active Linux Community.
You are currently viewing LQ as a guest. By joining our community you will have the ability to post topics, receive our newsletter, use the advanced search, subscribe to threads and access many other special features. Registration is quick, simple and absolutely free. Join our community today!
Note that registered members see fewer ads, and ContentLink is completely disabled once you log in.
If you have any problems with the registration process or your account login, please contact us. If you need to reset your password, click here.
Having a problem logging in? Please visit this page to clear all LQ-related cookies.
Introduction to Linux - A Hands on Guide
This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter.
For more advanced trainees it can be a desktop reference, and a collection of the base knowledge needed to proceed with system and network administration. This book contains many real life examples derived from the author's experience as a Linux system and network administrator, trainer and consultant. They hope these examples will help you to get a better understanding of the Linux system and that you feel encouraged to try out things on your own.
Click Here to receive this Complete Guide absolutely free.
Hi, I'm wanting to learn more about Linux, having had a machine briefly with Suze on it, and then trying and failing to put Demundi (Agnula) on a machine with two existing M$ XP partitions.
We have a small home network, and an old P2 laptop we thought might make a basic Linux server, helping us to understand more what we are doing, while at the same time protecting ourselves from possible attacks.
Any help on how to chose the best distribution to use for a basic server, running on an old P2 laptop would be appriciated.
The install is in a graphical mode and should be easy to install, just read the instructions on screen. If you intend to use it for a server only, do not try running GUI, but installing everything from command line (hope you are familiar with it).
A gui would just eat up all the resources of a P2 machine, and make it a useless server box.
why not to use a laptop for a server: if you do, the money that pays the monitor are wasted
seriously though, it is quite possible to control a server by ssh/rlogin. Setting it up will probably require a monitor, though, so hog one temporarily from one of your other machines.
For the distro, I'd recommend Debian: it's the only `real'/big distro that makes it easy for you to install only free software (there's also ututo-e, which apparently has a devel team of 6 members or so). Then again, if that's not a top priority for you, slackware will probably be fine--I don't know it, but all its users can't be wrong
My best guess is that Apache will run just fine, only slower than on a high spec box.
It also depends what extensions you add. If you set up PHP on it and run PHP scripts then it will be slower than normal (still usable) but for serving standard HTML files, you won't really notice the difference. The traffic also makes a difference to how well it can run but how much, I don't know.
Well it's got to be able to handle a 4Mb down, 384kb up so will need to be able to handle this. I wa thinking, with it being able to handle 10BaseT this shouldn't be a problem, or is there something seriously wrong with my thinking?
I see no problem with that at all. I asume you are getting the connection via the network which is fine since your network speed is over twice the speed for your internet and if it were connected direct to the net, that wouldn't be a problem either.
It wasn't stated, but laptops are not the best choice for servers because of heat problems. Older laptops (some of the newer ones as well) ran hot. Laptops usually don't run 24/7 and thus are able to run "hot" for short time spans. It's really up to you.
I've used older boxes such as P1 166Mhz with 128 MB Ram in the past without issue. When you start using scripting is when you run into trouble with resources.
Scripting takes more cpu power than just static content. You could fill your "pipe" with static content on an older box and you should be fine as long as your disk speed is decent. If it involves scripting than that is a different story.
Go with a good distro that offers good support and doesn't require constant upgrades. I suggest sticking to a distro that gives you the option of a 2.4 kernel because of the 2.6 kernel now being a development tree. The 2.6 kernel series has vulnerabilities reported quite often.
If you are serious about running a server, subscribe to security announces such as those available from secunia.com You'll see what I mean about the 2.6 kernel.
You will also want to make sure your firewall is properly protecting your box, and run additional firewall rules (iptables) on the webserver in addition to your usual firewall.
Last but not least it is recommended that you run your webserver in a DMZ setup where it is on a seperate network than your usual private network. Make sure that the DMZ systems cannot telnet/ssh/whatever into the router from that side in case your webserver is cracked.