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Old 01-30-2008, 04:03 PM   #1
Draconus
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Linux Research


I am a student researching on Linux. I went to wikipedia.org and was told this was a good website to learn from. The main question: WHAT is linux exactly and how does it work in programming? Please respond to this as soon as possible.
 
Old 02-01-2008, 09:26 AM   #2
andy101
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Quote:
Originally Posted by http://www.linux.org/
Linux is a free Unix-type operating system originally created by Linus Torvalds with the assistance of developers around the world.
Strictly speaking Linux is the kernel but in common usage it is used to mean the full Operating System.

It does not need to be used for programming but many programmers chose Linux because it works well for that task. It is easy to get the compiler tools (i.e. GCC) and there are a number of nice editors/IDEs for the popular languages.

It can be installed instead of Windows and MAC or you can run it side by side (i.e. Dual Boot). It is also possible to use virtualisation if you need to run another OS.

I would recommend you try out a liveCD in your computer (although not all the useful tools will run on a LiveCD). If you like the look of it you can then install to your hard drive.

I personally use Ubuntu Linux ( http://www.ubuntu.com ) but there are many other versions, see: http://distrowatch.com/

Once installed you can add other software application quite easily (and freely).

What kind of programming do you do?
 
Old 02-01-2008, 11:02 AM   #3
pixellany
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Quote:
WHAT is linux exactly
Google would give you this instantly:
Quote:
Linux is a free Unix-type operating system originally created by Linus Torvalds with the assistance of developers around the world. Developed under the GNU General Public License , the source code for Linux is freely available to everyone. Click on the link below to find out more about the operating system that is causing a revolution in the world of computers.
Clipped from the first hit.

Quote:
Please respond to this as soon as possible.
You maybe got the impression that this was some kind of service chartered to help students??? We're very helpful, but if someone says "JUMP!!" we might just roll over and yawn......

Seriously, welcome to LQ and good luck in your research.....
 
Old 02-01-2008, 11:57 AM   #4
b0uncer
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What sort of research is it - a two-page school work, or something bigger? If it's small, you can get away with Wikipedia and LQ, but if you're intending to do anything more, it might be helpful to
- obtain a copy of a Linux live-cd, or if you can, install a distribution (maybe dual-boot) to a computer you can play with (see the Download Linux link at top right menu)
- join some IRC channels, like some distribution's (Debian, Slackware, Fedora) channels (like #slackware) - these are on Freenode network mostly, but very surely you'll find Linux folks all over the place
- visit DistroWatch and such sites to get a picture of how many different versions (that may not differ much, but a little) of Linux operating system there are out there
- visit your local library and loan a book about UNIX (in general) and a book about Linux (in general) - read at least the beginning of those books to get a better view of what they are, and how they are "connected"

These because
- first-hand information if vital, and using the thing gives you that
- real folks give real answers, not just press stories - and in IRC you'll find them plenty in real-time
- gathering information from other places than Wikipedia only is important to get different kinds of opinions, points of view and more importantly from different times (not just today) - books _are_ a good source for the basis, internet for up-to-date news

Hope your research runs smoothly!

EDIT: I wouldn't like to "recommend" you a distribution to make your first meeting with Linux with, but Ubuntu Desktop edition or Mepis (Live, if they happen to have other releases) would be good alternatives. After you burn them to a disc using image writing - ImgBurn is a handy app for that - you can boot your computer and try out the operating system without installing it to your harddisk, which means you can safely play around with it without destroying anything. They both should allow you to install the thing as well if you like. The experience is probably slower on live-cd than if you install it to your harddisk, and there may be bugs that are fixed in the installed-and-upgraded version, but overall it's a great way to get in touch with Linux without big efforts. All you need is a 700MB CD-R(W, if you like; DVD goes too, but CD is faster to burn), some time to download and write the image, and a reboot whenever you wish to test the operating system.

Last edited by b0uncer; 02-01-2008 at 12:03 PM.
 
Old 02-02-2008, 10:09 PM   #5
Draconus
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Well this is for a computer im trying to upgrade and build and Im supposed to research on Linux so I can learn more about it and how i can use it when its fully incorporated in the computer Im going to be using. Also if anybody wants to send more feedback i have a blog at wordpress.com its draconus.wordpress.com
 
Old 02-07-2008, 03:30 PM   #6
Draconus
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More questions for Linux

I learned that open source programming is mostly what linux is. I was wondering about the dual operating system boot that you can run linux and windows at the same time. Can you guys explain in more detail please?
 
Old 02-07-2008, 03:37 PM   #7
Uncle_Theodore
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Draconus View Post
I learned that open source programming is mostly what linux is.
Erm.. ughm... well, you can sorta put it that way, I think, maybe... so to say...
Quote:
I was wondering about the dual operating system boot that you can run linux and windows at the same time. Can you guys explain in more detail please?
Try Google. This is like the most popular topic ever everywhere...

http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q...=Google+Search
 
Old 02-07-2008, 04:02 PM   #8
Draconus
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I know about what the OFFICIAL companies say but I need feedback from people that might use linux for themselves and want feedback so i can get a better opinionated answer.
 
Old 02-07-2008, 04:15 PM   #9
Uncle_Theodore
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Draconus View Post
I know about what the OFFICIAL companies say but I need feedback from people that might use linux for themselves and want feedback so i can get a better opinionated answer.
What official companies? On Google you find a lot of How-Tos and blog entries, written by people who run dual-boot machines.
Well, if you insist.
I'm triple-booting Vista (came with the laptop), Slackware ('cause I like it) and Arch (since I wanted to try a pure 64-bit system) on a Toshiba Satellite a215-s7422. To set up the Linux systems, I first booted from a GParted Live-CD and shrank the Windows partition. It took a couple of hours. Windows now thinks that it has only 40 gigs, but works nicely. Though, I almost never boot it. Next, I booted from the first Slackware CD and created several new partitions in the empty space using the cfdisk command. Then, I started the installation of Slackware. Closer to the end, the installer asked me if I want to include my existing Windows partition into the boot menu and mount it by default. I said yes, finished the installation, rebooted and voila. I boot to the LILO menu screen where I can choose either Linux or Windows.
That's it in a nutshell. I then installed Arch and edited my lilo config to include it into the boot menu. It's easy, it's simple and it's done by a zillion people already. And some of those people left their how-tos and blog entries on the web. Where you can find them if you use Google.

Last edited by Uncle_Theodore; 02-07-2008 at 04:16 PM.
 
Old 02-07-2008, 04:22 PM   #10
pixellany
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Draconus;

You will need to do some Google searches, reading, etc. and ask some more specific questions. But what you REALLY need to do is install Linux and start using it. That is really the only way of finding what you are after.
 
Old 02-08-2008, 10:06 AM   #11
H_TeXMeX_H
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What is Linux:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNU/Linux

Linux is a kernel, GNU is the rest of the operating system. To find out more, download a distribution (probably Ubuntu), burn it to a CD or DVD and install it. The Ubuntu installed is way better than the Window$ installer, so I'm pretty sure you can handle it. Best place to search for specific information is:
http://www.google.com/linux

And if you have problems, either this forum or the official Ubuntu forums.

NOTE: I'm not recommending Ubuntu, in fact I don't like Ubuntu, but if I were to recommend Slackware I'll be sure to get flamed. Just like recommending people to recompile the kernel.
 
  


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