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Depending on the use of the machine.
Swap is good. Should be roughly the double of installed RAM. Coming with dimishing returns after 4-8 GB RAM.
If this is a Desktop System 20GB for root is plenty and also allows for some services like SQL or HTTP. This way the 98GB for home is also well sized and should be good for like 5-10 users with medium disk space usage.
In case of a server system swap the numbers of /home with /.
Installation size will be the the same on real hardware as in the virtual machine. I would keep it at 20GB, 10GB may be not enough, if you keep in mind that this partition will not only contain the OS itself, but also the /tmp directory. If install size is 5.8 GB on a 10GB partition you will barely fit a DVD image into /tmp.
I wouldn't partition such a relatively small disk.
I agree here. It's not as if you're protecting /home from something by your separation. Instead you're just going to cause potential problems if you run out of space in one partition over another.
To me the reason for partitioning is so that you put things like your boot partition somewhere else and it is not mounted when the system is operating, and thus you are not able to corrupt that section easily. You're always going to have /home and / (root) mounted.
I switched from LVM with ext4 to BTRFS exactly because LVM is not as flexible as BTRFS. With BTRFS you don't have to estimate the right filesystem sizes, you don't have to shrink/extend if your estimate doesn't work out, and so on.