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Not sure about a book (though I'd bet there are lots), but Google will quickly return a bunch of websites which list, in alphabetical order, many or all of the most common commands and their usage/purpose. Sorry I haven't got a link to one handy, but I'm sure you can find them. Likely someone will be along shortly with a link to one of these sites, or maybe even the book you seek.
Keep in mind that generally, 'commands' in Linux are actually (binary) tools, or are pieces of larger packages of tools, and the easiest, most accessible way to see what a command does or how to use it, is by reading the man pages for the command or package.
You should probably use the manual pages of your installed system, because some distributions might have different versions of some programs than others, and that can mean the command line switches aren't the same (for example; there could be other differences too). And not all distributions come with the same programs, even commandline ones.
I guess if you found a perfect list it would be pretty long, because there are probably not just hundreds but even thousands of commands, depending on what all you have installed.