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Old 11-20-2004, 03:48 PM   #1
exo
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Registered: Nov 2004
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Question Knoppix 3.6 - few problems after HDD install


Hello everyone First excuse my english
I'm new to Linux and I'm experience, few difficultys.
Here they are:
1) My audio card (ESS 1869) is not working in Linux. I've try to "fix" it with sndconfig but it's not in the list with supported cards. The nearest card is ESS 1868, but if I choose it the following message appear: 'Segmentation fault'. The card still not working after this message.
How to fix it ?
2)My second problem is behaviour of my floppy in Linux. Sometimes it's working (it is accessible), sometimes it's not workig (it is not accessible, and I get this message: 'file:/mnt/floppy does not seems to exist any more.')
How to fix it ?
3) I want to save current knoppix configuration but it's seems i can't save it to the Linux partition, instead knoppix offers me to save it in Windows partition, but I dont want to save it there. I can't save it to the floppy also because of the problem with it. What should i do, where can i save it ?
4) Is there analogy of ScanDisk in Linux, and from where i can start it ?
5)What antivirus program to use in Linux ?
I know that these are lot of questions but I sure hope to help me
Once again excuse my english

Last edited by exo; 11-20-2004 at 03:53 PM.
 
Old 11-20-2004, 05:40 PM   #2
JaseP
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Registered: Jun 2002
Location: Eastern PA, USA
Distribution: K/Ubuntu 12.04/14.04, Scientific Linux 6.3/6.4, Android-x86, Pretty much all distros at one point...
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Re: Knoppix 3.6 - few problems after HDD install

I'll try to answer some...

Quote:
Originally posted by exo
Hello everyone First excuse my english
I'm new to Linux and I'm experience, few difficultys.
Here they are:
1) My audio card (ESS 1869) is not working in Linux. I've try to "fix" it with sndconfig but it's not in the list with supported cards. The nearest card is ESS 1868, but if I choose it the following message appear: 'Segmentation fault'. The card still not working after this message.
How to fix it ?
Just because two chipsets are one number apart, don't assume they are similar...

Quote:
2)My second problem is behaviour of my floppy in Linux. Sometimes it's working (it is accessible), sometimes it's not workig (it is not accessible, and I get this message: 'file:/mnt/floppy does not seems to exist any more.')
How to fix it ?
What is the contents of your fstab file (usually located in /etc/fstab)??? That'll help.

Quote:
4) Is there analogy of ScanDisk in Linux, and from where i can start it ?
You usually don't need to bother running a "scandisk" equivalent in Linux. If you must it is a command line command:
fsck
Some filesystems have one specifically for themselves.
It's only used on unmounted filesystems.

Quote:
5)What antivirus program to use in Linux ?
I know that these are lot of questions but I sure hope to help me
Once again excuse my english
You don't need to bother with an anti-virus program unless you plan on passing a lot of e-mail attachments on to someone else. Linux has only a handfull of viruses and they are difficult to become infected with.
 
Old 11-21-2004, 06:03 AM   #3
exo
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Registered: Nov 2004
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Quote:
Originally posted by JaseP
Just because two chipsets are one number apart, don't assume they are similar...
Yes i know But that did not help me
Quote:
Originally posted by JaseP
What is the contents of your fstab file (usually located in /etc/fstab)??? That'll help.
Well..here it is: (the contents...)

# /etc/fstab: filesystem table.
#
# filesystem mountpoint type options dump pass
/dev/hda3 / ext3 defaults,errors=remount-ro 0 1

proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
/dev/fd0 /floppy vfat defaults,user,noauto,showexec,umask=022 0 0
usbdevfs /proc/bus/usb usbdevfs defaults 0 0
sysfs /sys sysfs defaults 0 0
/dev/cdrom /cdrom iso9660 defaults,ro,user,noexec,noauto 0 0
/dev/cdrom1 /cdrom1 iso9660 defaults,ro,user,noexec,noauto 0 0
/dev/dvd /dvd iso9660 defaults,ro,user,noexec,noauto 0 0
/dev/cdaudio /cdaudio iso9660 defaults,ro,user,noexec,noauto 0 0
/dev/cdrom1 /mnt/auto/cdrom1 auto users,noauto,exec,ro 0 0
# Added by KNOPPIX
/dev/hda1 /mnt/hda1 vfat noauto,users,exec,umask=000 0 0
# Added by KNOPPIX
/dev/hda4 none swap defaults 0 0
# Added by KNOPPIX
/dev/hda5 /mnt/hda5 vfat noauto,users,exec,umask=000 0 0


Quote:
Originally posted by JaseP
You usually don't need to bother running a "scandisk" equivalent in Linux. If you must it is a command line command:
fsck
Some filesystems have one specifically for themselves.
It's only used on unmounted filesystems.
Well if it's used only on unmounted filesystems how can i check it, after all the file system is mounted when Linux is load ?

Quote:
Originally posted by JaseP
You don't need to bother with an anti-virus program unless you plan on passing a lot of e-mail attachments on to someone else. Linux has only a handfull of viruses and they are difficult to become infected with.
OK that make me feel safe
 
Old 11-22-2004, 11:15 AM   #4
JaseP
Senior Member
 
Registered: Jun 2002
Location: Eastern PA, USA
Distribution: K/Ubuntu 12.04/14.04, Scientific Linux 6.3/6.4, Android-x86, Pretty much all distros at one point...
Posts: 1,791

Rep: Reputation: 157Reputation: 157
Quote:
Originally posted by exo
Yes i know But that did not help me

Quote:
Well..here it is: (the contents...)

/dev/fd0 /floppy vfat defaults,user,noauto,showexec,umask=022 0 0
I don't know how Knoppix works with floppy drives (I'm a SuSE user), but the "noauto" is telling. Apparently you do not have any automounter running for the floppy drives. That means they have to be manually mounted and unmounted (mount and umount commands,... no first "n" in umount). Most GUIs will allow you to right-click on the icon to get the mounting commands up (along with a bunch of other stuff). You must not remove a re-writeable disk (all removeable media, not just floppies) without first unmounting it... otherwise data may not be saved to the disk properly...

Quote:
Well if it's used only on unmounted filesystems how can i check it, after all the file system is mounted when Linux is load ?
You won't need to do this very often. Linux is not like Windoze. For example,... File fragmentation is not a problem, for example, so defragging tools are next to non-existant.

It's similar for Linux's journalized file systems and disk checking. It's generally only needed when there is a problem (power failure during an intensive disk usage, etc.). To run it on unmounted filesystems, you can manually unmount the partition then run the command. For the root partition, you need to boot from a rescue disk or Knoppix or something... Most Linux distros should be on more than one partition (seperate /, /home, /usr, etc.).

fsck is not "regular maintainance" like chkdsk is in Windoze...

Quote:
OK that make me feel safe
Good. But,... If you must run anti-virus stuff there ARE a couple of options like Clav, etc. Just do a Google/linux search for free anti-virus software...
 
Old 11-22-2004, 12:34 PM   #5
eeried
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Distribution: Xubuntu Dapper - Debian Etch - Puppy Linux
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anti-virus

Hello,

Though it's true you don't run much risk with Linux there are a couple of anti-viruses or so you can use :
A GNU/GPL software : clam AV
free softwares for Linux : f-prot ; bitdefender (both very serious stuff)

cheers

bealach
 
  


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