Just tried to install Ubuntu for the first time...
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Just tried to install Ubuntu for the first time...
I've been using Linux at work lately (specifically Fedora), so I wanted to try to dual-boot my home computer. I followed this tutorial exactly:
However, instead of RedHat I used Ubuntu. I partitioned my hard drive just as he says in the tutorial.
When downloading Ubuntu, I chose the 'server' version because (I Think) the website explained this version was the official download that would be permanately installed on the computer, rather than the 'Desktop' version which I figured was just something like Knoppix (live linux cd). (Am I wrong in this thinking?)
Anyway, I just completed the Ubuntu Server installation, and rebooted. I selected ubuntu from the OS list, and it loaded with GRUB. However, to my suprise it brought me to a command line black screen, rather than the desktop OS GUI like I was expecting. Why is this? I even tried 'logging in' and it just brought me to another Unix command line. Did I install the wrong thing? Like I said, I was expecting it to load a desktop kind of like Windows. Any input would be greatly appreciated.
Please note, when Installing i didnt have any network card in my system, still in the process of putting it all together...
also, if I did install the wrong thing (If i should have installed the desktop version instead), how do I uninstall this version? Or can I just pop in the desktop version and install that and it will fix the problem? Thanks again.
I'm guessing that X wasn't installed because you chose the server version. Servers can run perfectly fine without X! Since you wanted a desktop, it would've made more sense to install the desktop version. I'm not sure what made you think that the server version could be installed and the desktop version was like a live CD (I don't mean that in a bad way!), as the descriptions on the Ubuntu website don't suggest that to me.
You can probably install X using apt-get, but that would probably take a while. It might be easier to go and reinstall, but selecting the desktop version this time round.
The description of the desktop CD is this:
The desktop CD allows you to try Ubuntu without changing your computer at all, and at your option to install it permanently later. This type of CD is what most people will want to use. You will need at least 192MB of RAM to install from this CD.
The description of the Server CD is this:
The server install CD allows you to install Ubuntu permanently on a computer.
Oh well, I guess I messed up.
So should I somehow un-install this server version? If so, how do I go about doing that?
Or should I just pop in the desktop version and go from there as is?
First, I would see if X is installed and was just not set as the default during installation (typically, you can either have a graphical interface load at boot or the text mode you see now). Once you log in, type startx at the prompt. If X is installed, it will load the gui. If not, then you should just reinstall Ubuntu and select the default installation. I would also suggest installing your network card prior to installation so that configuration of the card can be done during installation.
The desktop version will load as a live CD first, and once it loads, there will be an icon on the desktop that says "Install" or something like that. Click that. You'll probably want to reformat to erase the server install, but the Desktop CD should have a partitioner on it.
Dont uninstall it, you can just install the packages you need to get the gui up and running
from the command line type
sudo apt-get install x-window-system xserver-xorg kubuntu-desktop (if you want a kde desktop) ubuntu-desktop (if you want a Gnome desktop) xubuntu-desktop (if you want a Xfce desktop)
then accept all the packages it says it will require
once it is installed a simple setup screen will open for setting up the xserver its pretty simple, choose your launguage, keyboard layout, the driver you want for the card (if you dont know use vesa and then work it out later, vesa will work for any card, but it will be slow) and the resolution etc.
then you will have gui setup, with application that those versions ok ubu tu would install.
If you dont want to do that then you can just download etiher the kubuntu/ubuntu/xubuntu alternative cd or the ubuntu/kubuntu/xubuntu desktop version. The when installing just tell it to install to the partitions you already created for ubuntu. This will just ovewright the server ubuntu you installed.
I would do the top method as it would save time over downloading a new iso and burning it to cd etc. On my 512 connection to download all that it would take about 30 minuites, so tis not too long.
I actually already have the desktop iso downloaded, so maybe I'll just go with that method. I just set up the network on the computer as well, and as the other person said before, maybe things will go smoother now that I'm going to install it while it's set up. Thanks. I'll let you know how it turns out...