LinuxQuestions.org
Support LQ: Use code LQ3 and save $3 on Domain Registration
Go Back   LinuxQuestions.org > Forums > Linux Forums > Linux - Newbie
User Name
Password
Linux - Newbie This Linux forum is for members that are new to Linux.
Just starting out and have a question? If it is not in the man pages or the how-to's this is the place!

Notices


Reply
  Search this Thread
Old 01-29-2015, 12:14 PM   #1
peterhen
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Jan 2015
Distribution: ubuntu
Posts: 10

Rep: Reputation: Disabled
Question Just started studying linux essentials


exactly what is linux and is it a better OS than Mac OS X and windows
 
Old 01-29-2015, 12:28 PM   #2
veerain
Senior Member
 
Registered: Mar 2005
Location: Earth bound to Helios
Distribution: Custom
Posts: 2,524

Rep: Reputation: 319Reputation: 319Reputation: 319Reputation: 319
Linux is the name of a OS kernel developed by Linus Torvalds and others. It is usually used with user space programs to make a complete OS and system for running applications. Popularly this OS is also called as Linux.

There are many Linux distros which have custom programs and way of doing things but all based on Linux kernel.

For more info see Wikipedia article on Linux.

Official Site of Linux Kernel: http://www.kernel.org

About whether it is better than Mac OSX or Windows depends on the application of each.

There are other threads in LQ discussing this. Search LQ for it.
 
Old 01-29-2015, 12:30 PM   #3
peterhen
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Jan 2015
Distribution: ubuntu
Posts: 10

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: Disabled
So Is it better to just stick with my regular windows 7 OS and just use linux in my VM Workstation

Last edited by peterhen; 01-29-2015 at 12:31 PM.
 
Old 01-29-2015, 12:37 PM   #4
veerain
Senior Member
 
Registered: Mar 2005
Location: Earth bound to Helios
Distribution: Custom
Posts: 2,524

Rep: Reputation: 319Reputation: 319Reputation: 319Reputation: 319
As of this time usually almost all the pc hardware in this world is better supported by Windows OS only.

For linux use you should be carefull in selecting the hardware else some of it won't be supported by Linux.

For what purpose you want Linux?

For learning it would be best to install it in VM Workstation.
 
Old 01-29-2015, 12:45 PM   #5
peterhen
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Jan 2015
Distribution: ubuntu
Posts: 10

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: Disabled
Yes i am learning how to install and operate a linux server for web hosting
i know theres several different distributions but i am confused as to which is better and the whole LUI interface
 
Old 01-30-2015, 01:36 AM   #6
veerain
Senior Member
 
Registered: Mar 2005
Location: Earth bound to Helios
Distribution: Custom
Posts: 2,524

Rep: Reputation: 319Reputation: 319Reputation: 319Reputation: 319
You may try debian or arch distro.
 
Old 01-30-2015, 06:51 AM   #7
chrism01
LQ Guru
 
Registered: Aug 2004
Location: Sydney
Distribution: Centos 6.8, Centos 5.10
Posts: 17,260

Rep: Reputation: 2328Reputation: 2328Reputation: 2328Reputation: 2328Reputation: 2328Reputation: 2328Reputation: 2328Reputation: 2328Reputation: 2328Reputation: 2328Reputation: 2328
for a server I'd go with Centos ( a free version of RHEL, which is pretty much the std for commercial Linux).
At the end of the day though, there are many distributions; you may be better off trying a few before deciding.
Note that keeping a web server secure on the internet is a non-trivial exercise. If you're planning on that, practice at home on a private lan first and read the Stickies on the Security forum.
 
1 members found this post helpful.
Old 01-30-2015, 08:36 AM   #8
TxLonghorn
Member
 
Registered: Feb 2004
Location: Austin Texas
Distribution: Mandrake 9.2
Posts: 630

Rep: Reputation: 205Reputation: 205Reputation: 205
Quote:
Originally Posted by peterhen View Post
Yes i am learning how to install and operate a linux server for web hosting
i know theres several different distributions but i am confused as to which is better and the whole LUI interface
Which is "better" depends on what you want it for, and your skill level.
For a server, try chrism01's suggestion.
For daily use (email, web, documents, etc.) by a beginner, Linux Mint, PCLinuxOS, Korora, Ubuntu, and Zorin are all fine choices.
 
1 members found this post helpful.
Old 01-30-2015, 09:27 AM   #9
sidzen
Member
 
Registered: Feb 2014
Location: Inland PNW
Distribution: slackware & related distros
Posts: 109

Rep: Reputation: Disabled
Suggestion: learn Slackware, then you'll more or less know them all;
try Salix to begin

Last edited by sidzen; 01-30-2015 at 09:31 AM.
 
Old 01-30-2015, 10:10 AM   #10
TB0ne
LQ Guru
 
Registered: Jul 2003
Location: Birmingham, Alabama
Distribution: SuSE, RedHat, Slack,CentOS
Posts: 18,336

Rep: Reputation: 3896Reputation: 3896Reputation: 3896Reputation: 3896Reputation: 3896Reputation: 3896Reputation: 3896Reputation: 3896Reputation: 3896Reputation: 3896Reputation: 3896
Quote:
Originally Posted by veerain View Post
As of this time usually almost all the pc hardware in this world is better supported by Windows OS only.
For linux use you should be carefull in selecting the hardware else some of it won't be supported by Linux.
Sorry, this is absolutely wrong...and you've been told this before, too. There is quite a LARGE amount of hardware that is not supported AT ALL by Windows. Linux will load and run just fine on pretty much anything recent.
Quote:
For what purpose you want Linux?
The OP stated they're just starting to study Linux.
Quote:
For learning it would be best to install it in VM Workstation.
No, it's not. Installing on a VM workstation is harder than a 'real' machine, since you then have to worry about bridging, attaching USB/Sound devices, etc....NONE of which you have to worry about with installing it natively.

Quote:
Originally Posted by peterhen
Yes i am learning how to install and operate a linux server for web hosting i know theres several different distributions but i am confused as to which is better and the whole LUI interface
Chrism01 hit it on the head...CentOS is an almost 99.x% IDENTICAL clone of Red Hat enterprise, which is very widely used in commercial environments. It's free, and will work fine.

I will add to this and say if you're just learning...go with something easier to load/play with. ANY version of Linux can run apache and other server-related services. The distros will differ in some administrative type tools, a few distro-specific commands, etc., but the basics will all be the same. Think of it as a difference between Windows XP and Windows 7....both Windows, but the tools/menus are different. I'd suggest loading Mint, openSUSE, or Fedora...if you can load Windows, you can load Linux. The installers walk you through things. And what do you mean by "LUI"??? Do you actually mean GUI??? You have either a command line interface (CLI) or Graphical User Interface (GUI), with your choice of several GUI's (Gnome, KDE, XFCE, Enlightenment, IceWM...just to name a few).

Also...didn't you post another thread yesterday, saying that you had ALREADY loaded Ubuntu???

Last edited by TB0ne; 01-30-2015 at 10:12 AM.
 
Old 01-30-2015, 10:47 AM   #11
veerain
Senior Member
 
Registered: Mar 2005
Location: Earth bound to Helios
Distribution: Custom
Posts: 2,524

Rep: Reputation: 319Reputation: 319Reputation: 319Reputation: 319
Quote:
Originally Posted by TB0ne View Post
Sorry, this is absolutely wrong...and you've been told this before, too. There is quite a LARGE amount of hardware that is not supported AT ALL by Windows. Linux will load and run just fine on pretty much anything recent.
Well I MEANT "PC HARDWARE (DESKTOP)" ones and their "PERIPHERALS". Can you give me a statistic web link for contrary.

As far as I know:

Desktop share of Windows is the biggest. MacOSX and Linux has the least.
So all the manufacturers have by default provide drivers for Windows but for Linux mostly they don't provide one. We have to rely on open source ones.

For servers Linux share is the biggest.

Last edited by veerain; 01-30-2015 at 10:48 AM.
 
Old 01-30-2015, 10:57 AM   #12
TB0ne
LQ Guru
 
Registered: Jul 2003
Location: Birmingham, Alabama
Distribution: SuSE, RedHat, Slack,CentOS
Posts: 18,336

Rep: Reputation: 3896Reputation: 3896Reputation: 3896Reputation: 3896Reputation: 3896Reputation: 3896Reputation: 3896Reputation: 3896Reputation: 3896Reputation: 3896Reputation: 3896
Quote:
Originally Posted by veerain View Post
Well I MEANT "PC HARDWARE (DESKTOP)" ones and their "PERIPHERALS". Can you give me a statistic web link for contrary.
Yes, we know what you meant....and you're STILL WRONG. PC hardware and peripherals are VERY well supported, with very few exceptions. Again, as you've been told SEVERAL TIMES before, what you're stating is absolutely wrong.

There may be some printers that don't work well...and they won't work with some versions of Windows either, since they may not have drivers. Linux is supported on PC and Mac hardware VERY well, and it has been for years.
Quote:
As far as I know: Desktop share of Windows is the biggest. MacOSX and Linux has the least.
The ONLY part of this that is correct, is that Windows has a larger install base. That is because it comes pre-loaded on computers, and most just don't change it.
Quote:
So all the manufacturers have by default provide drivers for Windows but for Linux mostly they don't provide one. We have to rely on open source ones.
AGAIN, YOU ARE WRONG. By 'default' they don't provide drivers for Windows...they MAY, and AGAIN, they don't in quite a few cases. For Linux, they drivers can ALSO come from the manufacturer, and most already do. HP, Brother, Canon, nVidia, ATI, AMD, Intel, just to name a few. Go to their websites and find Linux drivers. SOME drivers are open sourced, and SO WHAT??? If the device works correctly, why is this an issue???
Quote:
For servers Linux share is the biggest.
Wrong again. Linux has a good deal of server business, but UNIX has quite a bit more.

PLEASE...STOP posting things that are wrong or misleading.
 
  


Reply


Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is Off
HTML code is Off



Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
just a begineer studying linux myokyawnyein LinuxQuestions.org Member Intro 1 02-26-2013 07:03 AM
just started studying c programming benny348 LinuxQuestions.org Member Intro 1 08-25-2012 09:19 AM
What Distro to use while Studying for Linux+ vwtech Linux - Newbie 4 01-07-2008 03:16 PM
how to find my way of studying linux ? 李晓辉 Programming 4 11-16-2006 12:11 PM
Which books is best for studying Linux (Newbie) Shadow Of Death Linux - Newbie 14 01-12-2003 09:31 AM


All times are GMT -5. The time now is 04:39 AM.

Main Menu
Advertisement
My LQ
Write for LQ
LinuxQuestions.org is looking for people interested in writing Editorials, Articles, Reviews, and more. If you'd like to contribute content, let us know.
Main Menu
Syndicate
RSS1  Latest Threads
RSS1  LQ News
Twitter: @linuxquestions
Facebook: linuxquestions Google+: linuxquestions
Open Source Consulting | Domain Registration