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Old 07-08-2010, 12:14 PM   #1
montana68
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installing programs


I would like to know how to install programs that you don't get from the repository? Please make your answer as simple as possible for I'm a real newbie about four months. Also if possible could you tell me how to install programs from the repository? Thought could ask these two together since similar questions.
Thank you in advance for any help.
Sorry almost forgot to tell you that I'm using Ubuntu 9.10 and 10.04
I did find some answers but don't understand them.
Thanks for your help in advance.
 
Old 07-08-2010, 12:24 PM   #2
pixellany
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From the repository: Use the package manager. Not sure what Ubuntu calls it lately, but look for Synaptic. Also, Ubuntu has something like a "software center" (I think)

Not in the repository:
(As simple as possible): Download the SW, Extract from archive as required, Follow instructions.

If you'd like something a bit more complete:

SW downloaded for Linux can come in a variety of formats, including various forms of compressed archive. Once the archive is extracted, there are a minimum of 3 types of things you will find:
1. A package designed for one of the common package managers---eg .rpm or .deb

2. An installation script

3. Source code which must be compiled

The first step is always to extract (if required), and then look for a README file or other form of instructions. Also look for instructions wherever you get the original download.

Two common archive formats and the associated extraction command:

.tar.gz ----"tar -xzvf filename"

.tar.bz2 ----"tar -xjvf filename"
 
Old 07-08-2010, 12:36 PM   #3
Mr. Majestic
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Hello and welcome to the world of Linux. Installing from the ubuntu repositories is actually extremely easy. There are three ways. The easiest way is to go to Applications->Ubuntu Software Center. There you can select the software you want to install, click a button that says 'install' and Ubuntu does the rest for you. The second way is a little less user friendly, but not too much less. The Ubuntu software center does not list all of the software that are in the Ubuntu software repositories. If you need something that isn't listed in there then you use what's called the synaptic package manager. You get to this by going to System->Administration->Synaptic Package Manager. Here you will search for what your looking for, check the box next to it, and hist apply. The package manager will install it for you and take care of any dependencies automatically. The third way is the most involved, but it's not too hard to follow. In the terminal (Applications->Accessories->Terminal) you would type in:
Code:
sudo apt-get install PACKAGENAME
For this method you must know the name of the package you want. Simply replace the PACKAGENAME with the actual package name. It's basically the command line version of the synaptic package manager.
Now, as for you second question I'm not sure exactly what kind of software you mean. By outside the Ubuntu repositories do you mean compiling the programs from their source code (not nearly as hard as it sounds) or installing from a different repository? Let me know and I'll happily explain how to do it, or both if you prefer
 
Old 07-08-2010, 12:37 PM   #4
craigevil
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Installing software in Ubuntu - http://www.psychocats.net/ubuntu/installingsoftware
InstallingSoftware - Community Ubuntu Documentation - https://help.ubuntu.com/community/InstallingSoftware
CompilingEasyHowTo - Community Ubuntu Documentation - https://help.ubuntu.com/community/CompilingEasyHowTo
 
Old 07-08-2010, 04:11 PM   #5
John VV
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as simple as possible
Code:
./configure
make
su -
make install
but montana68 i think you might need to do some research and studying
 
Old 07-08-2010, 04:53 PM   #6
jefro
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See the included read me file. It almost always tells one how to install.
 
Old 07-15-2010, 10:43 PM   #7
montana68
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Mr. Majestic View Post
Hello and welcome to the world of Linux. Installing from the ubuntu repositories is actually extremely easy. There are three ways. The easiest way is to go to Applications->Ubuntu Software Center. There you can select the software you want to install, click a button that says 'install' and Ubuntu does the rest for you. The second way is a little less user friendly, but not too much less. The Ubuntu software center does not list all of the software that are in the Ubuntu software repositories. If you need something that isn't listed in there then you use what's called the synaptic package manager. You get to this by going to System->Administration->Synaptic Package Manager. Here you will search for what your looking for, check the box next to it, and hist apply. The package manager will install it for you and take care of any dependencies automatically. The third way is the most involved, but it's not too hard to follow. In the terminal (Applications->Accessories->Terminal) you would type in:
Code:
sudo apt-get install PACKAGENAME
For this method you must know the name of the package you want. Simply replace the PACKAGENAME with the actual package name. It's basically the command line version of the synaptic package manager.
Now, as for you second question I'm not sure exactly what kind of software you mean. By outside the Ubuntu repositories do you mean compiling the programs from their source code (not nearly as hard as it sounds) or installing from a different repository? Let me know and I'll happily explain how to do it, or both if you prefer
Thank you and yes I could use some more help.
When I said another program what I guess I should have said is one that I downloaded from a site.For example I have been trying to install NDISwrapper after downloading it with windows since I can't get on line with Ubuntu. Ndiswrapper is for installing windows drivers into Ubuntu for wireless cards so that Ubuntu can use the card.The ndiswrapper is downloaded to a flash drive so I can get it to Ubuntu. Then I don't know how to install it. I will try the command line if I have the correct commands.

Last edited by montana68; 07-15-2010 at 10:57 PM.
 
Old 07-15-2010, 10:47 PM   #8
claudius753
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What wireless card do you have? It may have Linux drivers that are proprietary that you can enable.
 
1 members found this post helpful.
Old 07-16-2010, 02:54 AM   #9
montana68
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In a previous post some one had checked and said there is no linux driver for the card. That is why I'm trying to use ndiswrapper to install the driver.
I'm a real newbie only about four months.
Thank you for your help.
Lou
 
  


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