program binary generally go into /usr/bin or /usr/local/bin.
check your path
to check if the above directories exist in your path...if they are there...then
you just need to open up a terminal and give the name of the binary
If you want to put icons, like **windows**. You would have to tell us what desktop environment you use. GNOME or KDE or other...
In GNOME and KDE, you can just put a launcher (if it is not there already) and associate the binary with it. With XFCE and other miniamilist desktop environments you cannot put anything on the screen...and you would have to use another tool called