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Old 11-09-2011, 07:34 AM   #1
duta38
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Registered: Nov 2011
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Installation of Debian on Intel 64bit Desktop


Im a newbie to Linux environment and would like to install Debian Linux to an Intel 64 bit desktop which already has Windows 7 installed in it such that the system is dual bootable.

First I should burn the image file iso to a CDROM using imgburn? Which image below should I choose?
debian-6.0.3-amd64-netinst.iso
debian-6.0.3-amd64-businesscard.iso

Next is the partition part, there's manual partitioning during the installation that will enable you to resize ur windows partition to make space for debian, but how much space should be allocated for debian? How much should we shrunk on the windows partition? and should there be 2 or 3 paritions in a single system?

Please advise. thanks
 
Old 11-09-2011, 08:07 AM   #2
zakotsi
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Hi and wellcome.

Your questions are difficult to answer, as most of them are a matter of personal opinion/strategy.
First of all netinstall is better than businesscard because you download less from the internet (during the installation).
Personally I download the first DVD so I have the chance to install quicker on more than one machines or install again on the same machine (you spend time on the first download and save time on installation - and possible internet failures).
As for the partition there are a lot of different partition schema depending on what you want (I strongly suggest reading the debian installation manual before you do anything - it will clarify many-many points for you).

As for the schema itself you can have multiple partitions (win-lin/win-lin-docs) that can be ntfs (win-docs) or linux file system (ext2/3/4 or other) (lin-docs) on one disk or all of the above on different disks.

My best advice is get a second hard drive, use your windows drive as hdb/c/d or sdb/c/d (I mean sdb or sdc or sdd and not as hda or sda drive) and the new drive as hda/sda where you can do your partitioning and install linux, partitions and GRUB (the boot loader). The advantage of this procedure is that you will be able to revert back to your original system as it was just by removing the linux hard drive and connect it on the bus it was originally.

Good luck..

Last edited by zakotsi; 11-13-2011 at 11:44 AM.
 
Old 11-09-2011, 08:21 AM   #3
johnsfine
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Quote:
Originally Posted by duta38 View Post
would like to install Debian Linux to an Intel 64 bit desktop which already has Windows 7 installed in it such that the system is dual bootable.
Once you decide how much space to allocate for Linux, it is safer and easier to use the tools built into Windows 7 to shrink your Windows 7 partition to leave the desired unpartitioned space for Linux.

The Linux installer could be used to shrink the Windows partition, but that is not the best method.

Quote:
First I should burn the image file iso to a CDROM using imgburn?
Correct.

Quote:
Which image below should I choose?
debian-6.0.3-amd64-netinst.iso
debian-6.0.3-amd64-businesscard.iso
I don't know what businesscard is. netinst is a small initial download that will do most downloading during install, so you minimize the total download (only download what you install) but if you will install multiple times you download every time.

Quote:
how much space should be allocated for debian?
That depends on what you plan to do with Debian and how much space you have.

Quote:
should there be 2 or 3 paritions in a single system?
Probably more:

You have a Windows partition. You probably have some kind of Windows recovery partition. You need a main Linux partition. You probably should have a Linux swap partition (I recommend swap partition size 2GB unless you are very short of disk space). Many people recommend the Linux /home or /boot or other directories should have their own partition(s) instead of being included in the main Linux partition. I recommend keeping all those inside the main Linux partition.

If you will end up with four or more total partitions, it is best to create an "extended" partition taking all the space you released from Windows, then create your Linux main and swap (and any other) partitions as "logical" partitions inside the extended partition.

Last edited by johnsfine; 11-09-2011 at 08:23 AM.
 
Old 11-09-2011, 10:33 AM   #4
EDDY1
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Quote:
1. Next is the partition part, there's manual partitioning during the installation that will enable you to resize ur windows partition to make space for debian
2. but how much space should be allocated for debian?
3. How much should we shrunk on the windows partition? and should there be 2 or 3 paritions in a single system?
1. You can resize your windows partition by 50% using windows disk manager, but you should defragment 1st.
As for manual partitioning you don't need to you can choose guided & accept the default sizes & whether or not you want seperate /home /usr /var.
2. As stated in previos post depends on what you're using it for.
3. You can have upto 4 primary partitions with many logical partitions within them. Debian can reside on 1 & still have seperate / /home /usr /var.

Good luck!
 
Old 11-09-2011, 11:03 AM   #5
AwesomeMachine
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Distribution: Debian testing/sid; OpenSuSE; Fedora
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I recently installed to Intel 64-bit machine. I used jigdo-lite to retrieve and build CD-1 of wheezy (testing). I burned the install disk, booted, hit enter, chose default options, but performed custom partitioning, and after used defaults where offered, except for the kernel. If you have wireless networking only, you might want to DL the firmware package and put it on a usb drive. I put the actual firmware binaries on the flash drive. The install system found them and configured the wireless, then prompted me for access-point security information.

Jigdo is generally faster than downloading the CD-1.iso. I advise CD-1 because it has enough space to hold a hefty collection of packages, many of which may, or may not be required during the install, but I've found it's better to have them than not.
 
  


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