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Introduction to Linux - A Hands on Guide
This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter.
For more advanced trainees it can be a desktop reference, and a collection of the base knowledge needed to proceed with system and network administration. This book contains many real life examples derived from the author's experience as a Linux system and network administrator, trainer and consultant. They hope these examples will help you to get a better understanding of the Linux system and that you feel encouraged to try out things on your own.
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I HAVE A PC WITH Intel(R) Atom (TM), CPU D425 @1.80GHz,1.80GHz, 1.99GB of RAM, RUNNING XPSP3, WHICH LINUX OPERATING SYSTEM CAN I USE IN THIS PCIntel(R) Atom (TM), CPU D425 @1.80GHz,1.80GHz, 1.99GB of RAM.
Last edited by mrchandra729; 04-13-2014 at 12:58 AM.
My advice is to understand that adopting Linux always require some learning. The first, not so obvious, aspect of Linux to understand, is that Linux is not Windows. This seemingly obvious concept, is misunderstood by many newbies who complain (whine?) that what they used to do in Windows must also be implemented in Linux. For instance, Linux does not use executables for the installation of software, be it data and executables: it uses instead, archives. These archives, known as packages, are installed by a package management tool. Linux distributions vary in what they use as a package management tool.
You also must understand that libraries in Linux are linked differently from what happens in Windows. This means, an executable built against library X-1.0.0 is sure to fail if it finds library X-2.0.0. For the latter reason, mixing repositories is discouraged, unless one perfectly understands what one is doing. However, importation of newer software is possible through back-porting.
My last advice is not to be overly-enthusiastic. At first enthusiasm helps, but as time passes, and challenges are met, it has the bad habit of dying an almost sudden death.
Some technical information:
At the base of any OS, including Linux, there is an executable known as the kernel. This manages the operating system and can be seen as the brain behing the OS. Above it there is libc* which offers programs more functionality and obviously interfaces with the kernel. On top of libc* there are a number of terminals, the number depending on the distribution, and a special terminal as a placeholder for a desktop or window manager. Linux can run more than one desktop/window manager at the same time. A desktop or window manager is optional.
Linux, is better known as GNU/Linux. This is to recognize GNU for their great work and help.
I encourage you to switch. However, you need to remember that Linux is NOT Windows, nor will it ever be. See the link in my sig...I consider it a must-read for all new Linux users. You need to remember that Linux does things differently than Windows. That's what makes it (in my opinion) better than Windows.
That said, if you want something that looks somewhat similar to XP, you might want to try Lubuntu.
Some posters seem to think your computer underpowered, but it's as fast as this desktop and has more memory. Get the Mate version of Linux Mint: it's easy and reliable, and no one is ever seriously disappointed with it. Note Maples's point about being prepared for things to be done differently, and have a look at the guide before you start: http://community.linuxmint.com/tutorial/view/20
Yes, nearest layout to XP is Mint with Mate layout/desktop.
One thing you will notice is the choice of distro, "distro" read xp/win7/win8.
your PC is more than able to run a main distro, if you disklike win8 you will dislike unity, what you get by default on Ubuntu.
Try a Live cd/dvd first to see what you like and this will go some way to test if it will work on your system.
Download,test (md5sum) and burn an ISO of the wanted distro then run it from the pc booting from the cd drive. All this is well documented on download sites from the main linux dispencers.eg, Ubuntu website.
Finding out about what Linux distros are available can be tricky when you are new so I'd recommend having a look here, http://distrowatch.com/
Scroll down a little and on the right hand side you'll see 'Page Hit Ranking' which shows the most popular Linux flavours in order of number of downloads. Mint is usually the most popular but remember that there are actually over 300 different versions of Linux to choose from.
It is usual to burn several and try them all out as Live versions first before picking one to install. I think I tried 10 or so before I decided!