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Old 01-10-2010, 04:00 PM   #1
tfallon
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Registered: Nov 2009
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I erased /home/root and now can not administer the system


I am operating Debian 5.0 kernel 2.26. In trying to clean up (I believe I was using a root terminal), I erased the directory /home/root. Since I have done that, I can not get to a root terminal, can not use synapse and a host of other administrative processed.

Now, when I boot the system, I can log in as a user (my version of Debian does not allow me to login as the administrator). Then, logged in as the user, I previously could select for example 'synapse', I would be given a screen to enter the Administrator password and then get synapse. Now, I am given the screen to enter the Administrator password, but once I enter it, I do not get synapse. I do get an error message
'can not find /home/root/.synapse'
And of course, I erased the /home/root directory.
Now I might just mkdir /home/root - except to do that I need a root terminal and I can not get that either - probably for the same reason.

I have tried using the boot disk and going to the rescue mode - except for some reason I can not mount a root directory. I believe it is because I am using LVM2 and my root directory must be in an LVM volume, but I can not figure out how to get to that using the rescue mode.
Can you help me?
 
Old 01-10-2010, 04:09 PM   #2
Elemecca
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You should be able to su up from a normal user shell. Open a terminal as any user and run "su". It'll should ask you for the root password and then give you a root shell. If the root password isn't defined, use "sudo -s" instead. It will as for your password, not root's. Once you have a root shell, execute the following commands.
Code:
cp -r /etc/skel /home/root
chown -R root:root /home/root
 
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Old 01-10-2010, 04:10 PM   #3
ozanbaba
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did you try using su for going root? it should work without home dir.

after that recreae root home dir mkdir /home/root
 
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Old 01-10-2010, 04:41 PM   #4
tfallon
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Thanks,
Worked like a charm. simple. I guess I need to learn more command line commands.
 
Old 01-10-2010, 04:43 PM   #5
ozanbaba
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Quote:
Originally Posted by tfallon View Post
Thanks,
Worked like a charm. simple. I guess I need to learn more command line commands.
some very useful commands: su, sudo, ls, grep, cat, less, vi, man, lynx (or links for web).

you can do a lot of work with them or learn how to do it.
 
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