Remember, Linux is not Windows and doesn't work like Windows. It's not harder; it's just different.
Because it is different, it seems complicated. It's isn't; it's that the creators of Unix and Linux reached different conclusions as to the best way to accomplish certain tasks.
Say the disk is sdb
(SATA or SCSI Drive B). If it has only one partition, that partition might be sdb1
. A second partition might be sdb2
, and so on.
On Linux, you will not see a disk mounted as a "drive" is on Linux, the way you seem
to in Windows. As YellowApple indicated, you don't mount the disk, sdb
, you mount the partition sdb1
And you mount it to a directory in a location specifically intended for mounting partitions, usually in the directory /mnt (mount) or /media. /run/media
is a new thing.
If then you want to be able to jump to it directly from, say, your /home/[username] folder, you create a "softlink," similar to a Windows shortcut, for doing that.
Here's a article which is a pretty good explanation. Note that the use of hdX
(Hard Disc "X") referred to in the article has been deprecated.