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Distribution: Mandrake 8.1 and Windose Me( it was OEM)
how to install programs without rpms
i a newbie and i totally berzerk about the methodology of installing programs and placing their executable file shotcut in the menu. rpms install fine but i not able to find the program after installing it and hence, i not able to use all the good programs i download, the same goes for skins and themes too.
can u also explain the directory structure in linux i.e. what does each dafult directory store like in win. we hav program files for progs and windows for the os. what is it in linux?
i sorry bout the number of questions, but i need to know.
well i am pretty much a newbie to but i'm learning fast, just search around the forums with some key words like 'install' or 'installing programs' 'rpms' 'tarballs' stuff like that, but most programs you install are found in the /bin directory, and you have to make the shortcuts to the program your self...... and heres a good URL with some tuts www.linuxnewbie.org
/home comparable with mydocu~1 in windows
/usr/ user files containing:
/usr/local/bin all binaries for users
/usr/loca/lib libraries for users
/usr/bin worldwide binaries
/usr/lib the same with libraries
/usr/sbin root binaries and other system tools.
/var variables e.g. logfiles, ftp, default http, process íd's,
/etc all config files.. including boot configs
/root root's homedir
/boot put your kernels there..
/usr/scr sourcecode for the linux kernel (if installed)
Nope GT I.N.C., that's a good url alright huh huh, well in my short experience with Linux, I have found most of my programs to be in /usr/bin but that's not always true. You can query your rpms to see what's in it, and what to execute after the install. If you do verbose (assuming you are command lining it) you can also see what files are going where then.
rpm -q filename.rpm should do it. IF not, man rpm should give you a hint.
The filesystem can best be described over at my favorite non forum linux site, www.linux.org
I'll poke around and find the exact page and post back in a few for ya. Cool
I am new to all of this too, but i got sick of rpm's partly for the same reason (didn't know what was going on). I have found that building the sources is a much cleaner way to go about it. you can tell the ./configure program to put almost any of the files anywhere (./configure --help gives you the options. use --prefix=/usr or --bindir=/usr/bin for binaries in /usr/bin)
download sources into /usr/src/download
tar -zxvf xxx.tar.gz
bzcat xxx.tar.bz2 | tar -xv
*****READ the README's *****
and if you need to recompile (try different ./configure options:
In most cases you need to add a link to KDE/GNOME menus yourself. You can always run a program using a terminal and typing its name (often with &, so it looks like 'prog &' to run it separately and have the terminal free).