One toutorial was nice enough to tell me that if Apache doesn't start to enter # ls /var/log/httpd to see why. Unfortunately I am just begining to learn the language and the results mean next to nothing to me.
only shows you a list of all logfiles stored by apache. You'll need to open the files to see what's inside.
So, pick your favourite text editor (vi, gedit, nedit, kedit, etc), go to /var/log/httpd, and take a look for instance at the error_log file's contents.