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Old 07-21-2011, 10:53 AM   #1
windstory
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How to fsck ext4?


How to fsck ext4?

As you can see at photo, I got "fsck.ext4 not found".
My box is centos 5.6 x64 and could not boot for fsck error message.


Any helpful comment would much appreciated.

Thanks in advance.
Attached Images
File Type: jpg 20110721_fsck.jpg (66.3 KB, 19 views)
 
Old 07-21-2011, 11:06 AM   #2
colucix
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You have to install the packages e4fsprogs:
Code:
# yum info e4fsprogs
<omitted>
Name       : e4fsprogs
Arch       : x86_64
Version    : 1.41.12
Release    : 2.el5
Size       : 1.1 M
Repo       : base
Summary    : Utilities for managing the fourth extended (ext4) filesystem
URL        : http://e2fsprogs.sourceforge.net/
License    : GPLv2
Description: The e4fsprogs package contains a number of utilities for creating,
           : checking, modifying, and correcting any inconsistencies in the
           : fourth extended (ext4) filesystem. E4fsprogs contains
           : e4fsck (used to repair filesystem inconsistencies after an unclean
           : shutdown), mke4fs (used to initialize a partition to contain an
           : empty ext4 filesystem), debugfs (used to examine the internal
           : structure of a filesystem, to manually repair a corrupted
           : filesystem, or to create test cases for e4fsck), tune4fs (used to
           : modify filesystem parameters), and most of the other core ext4fs
           : filesystem utilities.
           : 
           : Please note that "e4fsprogs" simply contains renamed static binaries
           : from the equivalent upstream e2fsprogs release; it is packaged this
           : way for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 to ensure that the many changes
           : included for ext4 do not destabilize the core e2fsprogs in RHEL5.
           : 
           : You should install the e4fsprogs package if you need to manage the
           : performance of an ext4 filesystem.
 
Old 07-21-2011, 11:16 AM   #3
andrewthomas
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You also shouldn't run the check on a mounted filesystem:


Quote:
DESCRIPTION
e2fsck is used to check the ext2/ext3/ext4 family of file systems. For ext3 and ext4 filesystems that use a journal, if the
system has been shut down uncleanly without any errors, normally, after replaying the committed transactions in the journal,
the file system should be marked as clean. Hence, for filesystems that use journalling, e2fsck will normally replay the jour-
nal and exit, unless its superblock indicates that further checking is required.

device is the device file where the filesystem is stored (e.g. /dev/hdc1).

Note that in general it is not safe to run e2fsck on mounted filesystems. The only exception is if the -n option is specified,
and -c, -l, or -L options are not specified. However, even if it is safe to do so, the results printed by e2fsck are not valid
if the filesystem is mounted. If e2fsck asks whether or not you should check a filesystem which is mounted, the only correct
answer is ``no''. Only experts who really know what they are doing should consider answering this question in any other way.
 
Old 07-26-2011, 08:40 PM   #4
jv2112
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Check out the man pages for tune2fs. It can set the frequency of fsck durring boot. The other option is to unmount then run.

tune2fs -c 5 /dev/sda1 ---> run every 5 boots.

Hope this helps.
 
  


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