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You can use 'wget' as suggested. You can always copy and paste the link of the file onto the cli from the browser. Or you could just use the copy link option then use the right mouse button to paste onto the cli. Be sure to type 'wget' or the 'ftp' line and paste after that.
You should 'man wget' or 'man ftp' to get more information for the desired command.
I use the wget method from a terminal. If you are in init 5 you can always copy the link location (make sure to copy the file and not the webpage) and paste it after the the command wget. You may need to be root though. GL
Be root to download a file? That's almost sacrilege. You shouldn't be using root for anything that's not an administrative task. Downloading files certainly isn't.
You can download as many files as you wish (always into your home directory) as regular user.
A thousand apologies. I know your right. There are some times depending on what your installing that you may need to be root no? Such as compiling a LAMP server, or installing AMANDA? This may be a total misconception on my part though,and if I am wrong, it will be a lesson well learned.
your browser of choice.
download manager of choice.
And since you sound like a beginner I guess you want to install software - there are packages in the sites of some distros and there are package managers (like Synaptic) that make installing a software easy with a nice modern graphical interface (linux software evolution is: textual, DOS like graphics, modern graphics).
-apt is textual, there was another one I forgot the name of which has DOS like looks, and Synaptic.
there is also Gnome-apt but it's for gnome...so just download synaptic.