LinuxQuestions.org
Welcome to the most active Linux Forum on the web.
Go Back   LinuxQuestions.org > Forums > Linux Forums > Linux - Newbie
User Name
Password
Linux - Newbie This Linux forum is for members that are new to Linux.
Just starting out and have a question? If it is not in the man pages or the how-to's this is the place!

Notices


Reply
  Search this Thread
Old 08-10-2006, 04:47 AM   #1
xpucto
Member
 
Registered: Sep 2005
Location: Vienna, Austria
Distribution: Mint 13
Posts: 522

Rep: Reputation: 31
How to customize a live distro?


Hi!
I have 2 questions regarding live distros:
1) how may I customize a live distro? Is it different for each distro? I would like for example to have all internet-parameters saved in the live cd in order not to have to configure the all system everytime it starts. Is it possible? If yes, how?
2) I know that the idea of live cd is not to make any change on the HD, but is there any way to save some datas on a HD (for example an external USB HD)?

thanks.

Last edited by xpucto; 08-10-2006 at 04:51 AM.
 
Old 08-10-2006, 05:13 AM   #2
Tinkster
Moderator
 
Registered: Apr 2002
Location: in a fallen world
Distribution: slackware by choice, others too :} ... android.
Posts: 23,066
Blog Entries: 11

Rep: Reputation: 910Reputation: 910Reputation: 910Reputation: 910Reputation: 910Reputation: 910Reputation: 910Reputation: 910
Which live-CD ARE you using? Knoppix for instance allows you to save
your settings to a floppy or USB-MemoryKey.

Knoppix will also allow you to save settings to a FAT partition.


Cheers,
Tink
 
Old 08-10-2006, 06:28 AM   #3
xpucto
Member
 
Registered: Sep 2005
Location: Vienna, Austria
Distribution: Mint 13
Posts: 522

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 31
thanks. I'll try with knoppix
 
Old 08-10-2006, 07:09 AM   #4
pwc101
Senior Member
 
Registered: Oct 2005
Location: UK
Distribution: Slackware
Posts: 1,847

Rep: Reputation: 128Reputation: 128
Puppy linux quite nicely enables you to save your settings, so might be worth giving that a shot. It also runs uber-quick since it's loaded completely into the ram. As a result you need a fair amount of ram (I'd say you'd want around 512 MB to run it completely in the ram). Once puppy's up and running for the first time, it'll run a wizrd to setup your xorg.conf file, then once that's all done you can use the tools on the desktop to set up your internet connection. Once you've finished setting up you can save it to either the cd you loaded puppy from (with a cd-writer obviously!), or a USB drive.

Next time you boot it'll look for the latest saved settings file and load that. You can keep saving the changes until there's no room left on the cd.

Obviously when it's up and running, you can mount any drives you have (although NTFS is obviously read-only for the time being), and write to those as in any other non-live-cd distro.

As an aside, I believe that with the Slax live-cd you can customise it with certain packages before you write it to CD, thereby customising it before you commit to burning.

EDIT: spelling mistakes, capitalisations etc.

Last edited by pwc101; 08-10-2006 at 07:12 AM.
 
Old 08-10-2006, 07:27 AM   #5
b0uncer
LQ Guru
 
Registered: Aug 2003
Distribution: CentOS, OS X
Posts: 5,131

Rep: Reputation: Disabled
Quote:
Obviously when it's up and running, you can mount any drives you have (although NTFS is obviously read-only for the time being), and write to those as in any other non-live-cd distro.
Actually NTFS is read-write for the time being, but not reliably so. By changing the type from "ntfs" to some other installed driver (or what should I call it?) like the one from Captive, you can enable writing to an NTFS but most probably great amounts of writing and deleting data off an NTFS partition will fail at the moment.

I hope the ntfs "drivers" get better soon..it's a misery for Linux not to be able to access newer Windows partitions read-write (in a working manner).
 
Old 08-10-2006, 07:40 AM   #6
Agrouf
Senior Member
 
Registered: Sep 2005
Location: France
Distribution: LFS
Posts: 1,591

Rep: Reputation: 79
The ntfs write support is here and stable since kernel 2.6.15 (not so long ago).
http://wiki.kernelnewbies.org/Linux_2_6_15

As for a customizable liveCD, http://www.morphix.org/ lets you do what you want, but if that's just internet settings, knoppix will do fine.
 
Old 08-10-2006, 07:51 AM   #7
pwc101
Senior Member
 
Registered: Oct 2005
Location: UK
Distribution: Slackware
Posts: 1,847

Rep: Reputation: 128Reputation: 128
Quote:
Originally Posted by b0uncer
Actually NTFS is read-write for the time being, but not reliably so.
that's essentially what I meant... damn english language and my inability to use it!

I know Captive uses the native NTFS driver from windows, but I thought it was painfully slow: maybe I misread that somewhere...

EDIT: I just read on http://wiki.kernelnewbies.org/Linux_2_6_15 the section on write support for NTFS:
Quote:
NTFS write support: NTFS finally implements write support so "vim /ntfs/foo.txt" works. You can write(2) to a file even beyond the end of the existing file. Resident non-resident files and are supported. Sparse files can also be written and holes will be filed appropriately. truncate(2), ftruncate(2) and open(2) with O_TRUNC flag also works. There're some limitations with heavily fragmented files which you won't be allowed to change. Also, notice that creation/deletion of files and directories is still not supported and mmap(2) based writes is still not complete
so there's write support, bit there's still some no-no's...

Last edited by pwc101; 08-10-2006 at 07:54 AM.
 
Old 08-10-2006, 09:33 PM   #8
kirkpuppy
Member
 
Registered: Jun 2006
Posts: 36

Rep: Reputation: 15
Puppy very happy with 256MB of ram, under 128mb you'll want some swap.
 
Old 08-11-2006, 03:42 AM   #9
pwc101
Senior Member
 
Registered: Oct 2005
Location: UK
Distribution: Slackware
Posts: 1,847

Rep: Reputation: 128Reputation: 128
Quote:
Originally Posted by kirkpuppy
Puppy very happy with 256MB of ram, under 128mb you'll want some swap.
I sit corrected
 
  


Reply


Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is Off
HTML code is Off




All times are GMT -5. The time now is 05:27 AM.

Main Menu
Advertisement
My LQ
Write for LQ
LinuxQuestions.org is looking for people interested in writing Editorials, Articles, Reviews, and more. If you'd like to contribute content, let us know.
Main Menu
Syndicate
RSS1  Latest Threads
RSS1  LQ News
Twitter: @linuxquestions
Facebook: linuxquestions Google+: linuxquestions
Open Source Consulting | Domain Registration