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Old 12-03-2009, 06:11 AM   #1
ramakrishnankt
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How to create a cron job and run it ,give simpleexample


Hi,
How create a cron job in terminal,
and how to run it.
Please give a simple example

Thanks
Ramakrishnan
 
Old 12-03-2009, 06:14 AM   #2
repo
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A good start would be
http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/how-do-...-or-unix-oses/
 
Old 12-03-2009, 06:19 AM   #3
donanap
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Post Example

Hi Ramakrishnan,

firstly when you want to create/edit your crontab file type the following.

Code:
crontab -e
This will open the crontab to edit and will run a check on the cron job for errors when you go to save it.
Here's a simple example.

This line executes the "find" command at 2AM on the 12th of every month that a Sunday or Saturday falls on.

Code:
# Minute   Hour   Day of Month       Month          Day of Week        Command    
# (0-59)  (0-23)     (1-31)    (1-12 or Jan-Dec)  (0-6 or Sun-Sat)                
    0        2          12             *               0,6           /usr/bin/find
I stole this example from here: please check it out for more...
http://www.pantz.org/software/cron/croninfo.html

Good Luck
 
Old 12-03-2009, 06:19 AM   #4
druuna
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Hi,

Assumptions:

Script you want to run: foo.sh
When: daily 12:15

From the terminal:

crontab -e (a editor session is started)

Add: 15 12 * * * /full/path/to/foo.sh

Save and exit editor.

Done.

Look at man 5 crontab for the explanation of the 15 12 * * * (minutes, hours, monthday, month, weekday ) notation.

Hope this helps.
 
Old 12-03-2009, 06:36 AM   #5
ramakrishnankt
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Hi,
Thanks to all
when i type crontab -e on terminal it gives

/var/spool/cron/crontabs/node2: Permission denied
 
Old 12-03-2009, 06:43 AM   #6
druuna
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Hi,

You (the user executing the crontab -e command) must have crontab access.

I'm not sure if this is true for all distro's but have a look at /etc/cron.allow, the user should be added there (you need root access to change that file).

Hope this helps.

Oh, just remembered: The user should not be present in /etc/cron.deny.
 
Old 12-03-2009, 06:49 AM   #7
ramakrishnankt
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in my ubuntu
/etc/cron.allow is not found
and also when type sudo su in terminal
it shows
sudo: must be setuid root
and i can't install new packages why?
 
Old 12-03-2009, 06:55 AM   #8
druuna
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Hi,

I'm not an Ubuntu user, but it looks like something was not installed correctly (the setuid thingy). Maybe an Ubuntu user can help you with that one.

You can create the /etc/cron.allow yourself (as root). It expects one user per line.

Hope this helps.
 
Old 12-03-2009, 06:59 AM   #9
ramakrishnankt
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Quote:
Originally Posted by druuna View Post
Hi,

You can create the /etc/cron.allow yourself (as root). It expects one user per line.
How to create it druuna?
 
Old 12-03-2009, 07:09 AM   #10
druuna
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Hi,

From the terminal, as root user:

vi /etc/cron.allow

Once it opens press i (for insert) and type the username that needs cron access.
Press esc (escsape, you will taken out of insertion mode)
Press: :wq this will write (w) the file and quit (q), don't forget the leading :

Last thing to do is to change the permissions of this file:
chmod 600 /etc/deny.allow

You can cat the file to see if it is ok: cat /etc/cron.allow. You should see the user that was added.

Hope this helps.

Last edited by druuna; 12-04-2009 at 01:31 AM. Reason: Fixed a typo (g -> q)
 
Old 12-03-2009, 05:56 PM   #11
chrism01
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Actually

:wg

should be

:wq

although it's quicker to do

:x

you'd need to be root to edit cron.allow or cron.deny.
In Ubuntu you should be able to do something like

sudo su -

to become root. If that doesn't work, show us the err msgs you get.

/rant
I REALLY hate the way Ubuntu has messed with the std sudo & su setup that the rest of the *nix world has always used!
end_rant/
 
Old 12-03-2009, 10:20 PM   #12
ramakrishnankt
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Hi,
When i type vi/etc/cron.allow
result is
bash: vi/etc/cron.allow: No such file or directory
 
Old 12-03-2009, 10:26 PM   #13
chrism01
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You missed the space between the cmd and the param

vi /etc/cron.allow


http://rute.2038bug.com/index.html.gz
 
Old 12-03-2009, 11:59 PM   #14
ramakrishnankt
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Hi,
when i type vi /etc/cron.allow
and pressed i
then typed root
then esc pressed then i typed :wq
then esc
it shows
"/etc/cron.allow"
"/etc/cron.allow" E212: Can't open file for writing
why
 
Old 12-04-2009, 01:38 AM   #15
druuna
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Hi,

2 things:

1) You don't need to put the root user in the cron.allow file, root is all powerful. I initially thought you were talking about a normal user.

2) Another way of putting the username into /etc/cron.allow (as root):
echo "username" >> /etc/cron.allow

After that, just in case:
chmod 600 /etc/cron.allow

Hope this helps.
 
  


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