how to controll users and password managment like AD in windows as in linux
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Note that you can also set up as many different groups as you wish, and make each user a member of as many different groups as appropriate for that user.
Then, in the /etc/sudoers file, you can give each group access, at whichever level is needed, to the specific programs appropriate for members of that group. Directory and file access is done by setting the ACLs on the directories and files, not in sudoers, but the use of group membership to control access is conceptually similar.
FreeIPA looks like a good solution, but for something a little more lightweight you can just use a regular OpenLDAP install (possibly combined with Kerberos if you really need single sign on). Through the ppolicy overlay, OpernLDAP can handle many different types of password policies as may be found for AD users. It also has nice replication capabilities for fault tolerance and redundancy.