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Old 06-25-2004, 11:40 AM   #1
sujith_marar
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Registered: Apr 2004
Posts: 12

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HOw to boot from init to go to text mode


Dear Linux Friends

I have been waiting for a week
Earlier
posted queries for booting from GRUB from text mode
as my Linux OS is hanged at interactive text mode

I could do afew twsit
I booted into the shell

When I did the above operation...............
MY GRUB BOOTLOADER shows this way

root hd(0,0)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.4.18-24.8.0 ro root=LABEL=/ init=/bin/sh(typed at the end of the line. )(the other option I tried- linux 3 at the end of the line- did not work)
initrd /boot/initrd-2.4.18-24.8.0.img

The first init=/bin/sh worked

It comes init propt
as hwon below
init2.05#
I could see all the directories
But it is only read onle
when i tried to do this way
init2.05#cp /mnt/D:/etc/inittab /etc/inittab
my modified inittab is in /mnt mount
i want to replace that one with this
so effect takes from id:5 to id:3
Any other options can i try
from here
how to remount filesystem with read/write permissions
from init2.05#
Give eg
please help

Thanks
 
Old 06-25-2004, 01:43 PM   #2
jeffreybluml
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Registered: Mar 2004
Location: Minnesota
Distribution: Fedora Core 1, Mandrake 10
Posts: 405

Rep: Reputation: 30
Not sure if I follow the problem, but this may help. At the end of the line (in grub) that starts with:

kernel /boot/vmlinuz......

Just put a 3 at the end. Nothing else. So, it'll look like this...

kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.4.18-24.8.0 ro root=LABEL=/ 3

that will get you to a normal command prompt, from which you can edit anything you'd like, as long as you're root.

Hope that helps...

Good luck!
 
Old 06-25-2004, 05:25 PM   #3
Vlad-A
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Registered: May 2004
Location: Vienna, Austria
Distribution: Open SuSE 11, Mac OS X 10.5
Posts: 299

Rep: Reputation: 33
In the case you are booting in a shell, then it's normal that the root filesystem is mounted as readonly.

In this case you need to "remount" it as readwrite, which is done by:

mount -o remount,rw /

Be carefull: You also need to mount the proc Filesystem in this case:

mount proc -t proc /proc

Booting into a shell is a nice thing if you have forgotten your root password, but of course it's also a security thread.
 
  


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