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In general when you want to install something with Debian, search the sources for the exact name of the package (like in your gome case).
To do this, use: "apt-cache search"
"apt-cache search gnome" will give you gnome related packages.
But often this gives you too many results, because it also searches the description of packages, so add grep to it, to only show those with "gnome" in the package-name, like:
apt-cache search gnome | grep gnome
then you'll see what packege you need, in your case gnome-desktop, and just do the usual apt-get install.
oh, how I love apt for its simplicity ...
anyway, just wanted to add this to the post, it was a great help to me, when I didn't really know the name of something I was searching, like a certain dockapp for my WM, then I can just search for "dockapp" or "clock" or whatever and it'll give me some results to choose from.
But you may always want to take a quick look at the related manpage, for many more options to append to apt-commands.