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It should be available through your package manager. It's not something that's neccessary for Ubuntu to run, and most likely won't be the cause of any problems unless you're trying to run software designed for Windows.
In case of Wine you'll head to the WineHQ site, there downloads, binary downloads and your distribution (in this case Ubuntu). You'll need to go this way because (if I'm right) Wine is not in the reposities that are in use right after you installed Ubuntu; to add it there, you'll follow the directions at WineHQ site: install the key (first command mentioned there) and add the reposity list (second command mentioned there) to your system that contains Wine. After this you use Ubuntu's package management application (apt-get on command line or the graphical front-end called Synaptic) to first refresh package lists, so that the package manager knows that Wine is available in the reposities (= "package storage houses" on the internet), and then simply ask it to install the Wine package. Either by 'apt-get install' command or selecting the package in Synaptic to be installed and clicking Apply.
There are several ways how you can install software on your Ubuntu, but the easiest way is to use binary packages (files ending with .deb). You can either download and install them manually (double-click on them to bring in the gdebi installer), or ask your package manager to install them -- the latter one is easier, because you can just choose the package from a list and the program then deals with all the boring stuff like calculating dependencies (what else is needed for that package to work) and downloading and installing the actual packages (installing one package may require several others to be installed as well). The package manager isn't a god of any kind, so it only knows about packages that it's told about; this is why you need to give it a list of reposities (places that contain packages) that it may use, and ask it to "update" it's knowledge about them -- meaning that it checks out what versions of what packages there are available. After that you ask it to install a package, and it should do it provided that it is in the reposity. If it is not, then you'll either need to add a reposity that has it (and update the package manager's package lists again) or manually obtain the package (and install it). The good side in using reposities is that whenever a newer version is added to the reposity and you update your package manager's package lists, it can automatically update the package(s) for you.
ok so iv been playing around with linux for a while, and im kinda getting the hang of it, but i still dont understand how i use applications i downloaded. i downloaded something called desktop effects, and it says in the description that it will automatically replace the window manager. but how do i get to the window manager? is there some program i can use to search through everything on my computer, like "launchy" for windows?
As far as Wine Goes, after Hardy(ubuntu 6.xx), Wine Was available from the Ubuntu Repository.
i Would not suggest using that version though, i would compile my own, or you can ask me or some one else to build you the Binaries for youre Specific System(aka the .Deb, for youre system)
if you are trying to get a Specific program to work(windows program) in Ubuntu, you can see if its been posted in here before, post a new thread for that program, or check the WineHQ App Wiki, to see if its been tested yet.
Desktop Effects is part of Compiz, in Ubuntu just use the "Change Background" on the right click menu, when on the Desktop.
Under the Following menu, at the last tab, you will see Visual Effects.
From there you can change the level, But Hardware OpenGl Acceleration IS REQUIRED.
i believe under KDE/4, you need the GL-Desktop package to run/configure/modify Desktop Effects.
you can also try, Emerald Theme Manager. it is a little more in depth than other Effects managers though...
oh iv got another question, i just got Advanced Desktop Effects Settings, `and in the description it says the package comes with compizconfig settings manager, now how do i get to compizconfig settings manager? its not in the applications menu, and frankly i dont know where else to look...
loperz7, is right. the Compiz Config Manager doesnt actually install the GTK interface by default, it just installs the Command line version...
for the life of me i dont know the name of it, otherwise i would tell you.. but i would assume its something simple...
As far as whats wrong with the repository version of wine... its ANCIENT, and you can see it in its performance most of the time... Aka. Old as Dust, aka Older than this Community. you can download the source from winehq, or i can just build you it on my system using checkinstall.(Ubuntu 7.10 i686, but will work on any Debian based OS with a kernel newer than 2.6)