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You really want MSoffice? LibreOffice/Openoffice that comes with linux is as good as MSoffice.
It would be, if everyone else were using it. As it is, it can't handle .doc(x) properly. There never has been a good converter, that would preserve all the formatting (for any kind of text documents: html, quarkxpress, word perfect..).
When your system has come to login prompt, it has invoked a number of tty's, usually 6, you can check it in /etc/inittab
When you start an X session, either by typing startx/xinit on a command prompt or graphical session manager invoked by runlevel script, a new tty starts at the next available number (in this example 7) which manages your screen.
When you are on a tty you can switch between terminals with alt+F[1-6/7]. When you are on an X session you can switch with Ctrl+Alt+F[1-6]
When posting output of commands it is best to wrap it in CODE tags.
I don't see a problem. What you refered as 'that of Ubuntu' is the GNOME desktop environment and there's a session file for it. Can you not just select GNOME at the login screen as others have suggested?
I would guess dm is short for Desktop Manager. rc is a common suffix for configuration files. If you see a file who's name ends in rc the chances are it contains configuration for something. They use of rc goes back decades, it's just one of those things that became a convention and has been carried along through various *nix implementations. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Run_commands