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Old 05-12-2008, 08:23 PM   #1
wo2caisley
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Registered: Apr 2008
Location: Sydney
Distribution: Debian
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Home Server - Save me from loosing my mind - RHEL 5


Hey All,

I have been playing with Linux for the last few months - in particular a copy of RHEL 5 that I "obtained". I have just completed a fresh reinstall as my first attempt when very wrong as I was installing everything from Source (not very successfully) - did not know about RPM I think that RHEL may not be the best distro for me due to my very limited knowledge & experience with Linux. I have also previously used Clark Connect & Ubuntu Server.

My Hardware - Dell SC440 Server - CERC SATA Raid Card - 1GB Ram - 4 x 200GB HDD - DVD+/-RW - SB Live Card

My Aim - To have an easy to use & manage home server with the following features;

Windows File Shares - so I can store files & transfer across my network
Amarok or similar music program - want to encode all my CD's into a decent quality, use it as a library with complete ID Tag automation - also want to share music collection across network
Ushare or similar program - to share video files (including DIVX) to my Xbox 360
Torrentflux - to download bittorent
Backup program - automated & easy way to backup files from 3 windows machines
Web server - may want to host my own photo collection web site
Flexibility - ability to add other programs as I get more comfortable.

Problems I have had with RHEL;

CD drive does not recognise Audio CD's - When I put in a data disk, it is automounted. When I put in an audio disk, I can play the audio through amarok, but cannot encode. Can also not access this through Konquer or the standard CD Audio Encoder - gives error - No CD-Rom found
Tried to configure Samba through K Control Panel - made all the changes in the Samba config GUI - but cannot access any shares
Would really appreciate any ideas / suggestions?
 
Old 05-12-2008, 08:53 PM   #2
billymayday
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Can't help on the sound front, so let's talk Samba.

What exactly is going on. Samba logs to /var/log/samba, so post some error messages.

I have no idea what the K Control Panel is, but Samba is best configured manually anyway.

Post /etc/samba/smb.conf here so we can have a look

Rgds
 
Old 05-13-2008, 03:40 AM   #3
wo2caisley
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Thanks Billy, here is my smb.conf. I have checked /var/log/samba but dont know what I should be posting?

# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options (perhaps too
# many!) most of which are not shown in this example
#
# For a step to step guide on installing, configuring and using samba,
# read the Samba-HOWTO-Collection. This may be obtained from:
# http://www.samba.org/samba/docs/Samb...Collection.pdf
#
# Many working examples of smb.conf files can be found in the
# Samba-Guide which is generated daily and can be downloaded from:
# http://www.samba.org/samba/docs/Samba-Guide.pdf
#
# Any line which starts with a ; (semi-colon) or a # (hash)
# is a comment and is ignored. In this example we will use a #
# for commentry and a ; for parts of the config file that you
# may wish to enable
#
# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command "testparm"
# to check that you have not made any basic syntactic errors.
#
#---------------
# SELINUX NOTES:
#
# If you want to use the useradd/groupadd family of binaries please run:
# setsebool -P samba_domain_controller on
#
# If you want to share home directories via samba please run:
# setsebool -P samba_enable_home_dirs on
#
# If you create a new directory you want to share you should mark it as
# "samba-share_t" so that selinux will let you write into it.
# Make sure not to do that on system directories as they may already have
# been marked with othe SELinux labels.
#
# Use ls -ldZ /path to see which context a directory has
#
# Set labels only on directories you created!
# To set a label use the following: chcon -t samba_share_t /path
#
# If you need to share a system created directory you can use one of the
# following (read-only/read-write):
# setsebool -P samba_export_all_ro on
# or
# setsebool -P samba_export_all_rw on
#
# If you want to run scripts (preexec/root prexec/print command/...) please
# put them into the /var/lib/samba/scripts directory so that smbd will be
# allowed to run them.
# Make sure you COPY them and not MOVE them so that the right SELinux context
# is applied, to check all is ok use restorecon -R -v /var/lib/samba/scripts
#
#--------------
#
#======================= Global Settings =====================================

[global]

# ----------------------- Netwrok Related Options -------------------------
#
# workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name, eg: MIDEARTH
#
# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
#
# netbios name can be used to specify a server name not tied to the hostname
#
# Interfaces lets you configure Samba to use multiple interfaces
# If you have multiple network interfaces then you can list the ones
# you want to listen on (never omit localhost)
#
# Hosts Allow/Hosts Deny lets you restrict who can connect, and you can
# specifiy it as a per share option as well
#
workgroup = mshome
server string = Samba Server Version %v

; netbios name = MYSERVER

; interfaces = lo eth0 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24
; hosts allow = 127. 192.168.12. 192.168.13.

# --------------------------- Logging Options -----------------------------
#
# Log File let you specify where to put logs and how to split them up.
#
# Max Log Size let you specify the max size log files should reach

# logs split per machine
; log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log
# max 50KB per log file, then rotate
; max log size = 50

# ----------------------- Standalone Server Options ------------------------
#
# Scurity can be set to user, share(deprecated) or server(deprecated)
#
# Backend to store user information in. New installations should
# use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards
# compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration.

security = share
;passdb backend = tdbsam


# ----------------------- Domain Members Options ------------------------
#
# Security must be set to domain or ads
#
# Use the realm option only with security = ads
# Specifies the Active Directory realm the host is part of
#
# Backend to store user information in. New installations should
# use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards
# compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration.
#
# Use password server option only with security = server or if you can't
# use the DNS to locate Domain Controllers
# The argument list may include:
# password server = My_PDC_Name [My_BDC_Name] [My_Next_BDC_Name]
# or to auto-locate the domain controller/s
# password server = *


; security = domain
; passdb backend = tdbsam
; realm = MY_REALM

; password server = <NT-Server-Name>

# ----------------------- Domain Controller Options ------------------------
#
# Security must be set to user for domain controllers
#
# Backend to store user information in. New installations should
# use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards
# compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration.
#
# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This
# allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this
# if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job
#
# Domain Logons let Samba be a domain logon server for Windows workstations.
#
# Logon Scrpit let yuou specify a script to be run at login time on the client
# You need to provide it in a share called NETLOGON
#
# Logon Path let you specify where user profiles are stored (UNC path)
#
# Various scripts can be used on a domain controller or stand-alone
# machine to add or delete corresponding unix accounts
#
; security = user
; passdb backend = tdbsam

; domain master = yes
; domain logons = yes

# the login script name depends on the machine name
; logon script = %m.bat
# the login script name depends on the unix user used
; logon script = %u.bat
; logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%u
# disables profiles support by specifing an empty path
; logon path =

; add user script = /usr/sbin/useradd "%u" -n -g users
; add group script = /usr/sbin/groupadd "%g"
; add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd -n -c "Workstation (%u)" -M -d /nohome -s /bin/false "%u"
; delete user script = /usr/sbin/userdel "%u"
; delete user from group script = /usr/sbin/userdel "%u" "%g"
; delete group script = /usr/sbin/groupdel "%g"


# ----------------------- Browser Control Options ----------------------------
#
# set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master
# browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply
#
# OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser
# elections. The default value should be reasonable
#
# Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup
# and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election
; local master = no
; os level = 33
; preferred master = yes

#----------------------------- Name Resolution -------------------------------
# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
#
# - WINS Support: Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server
#
# - WINS Server: Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
#
# - WINS Proxy: Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on
# behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be
# at least one WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.
#
# DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names
# via DNS nslookups.

; wins support = yes
; wins server = w.x.y.z
; wins proxy = yes

; dns proxy = yes

# --------------------------- Printing Options -----------------------------
#
# Load Printers let you load automatically the list of printers rather
# than setting them up individually
#
# Cups Options let you pass the cups libs custom options, setting it to raw
# for example will let you use drivers on your Windows clients
#
# Printcap Name let you specify an alternative printcap file
#
# You can choose a non default printing system using the Printing option

; load printers = yes
cups options = raw
restrict anonymous = no
domain master = no
preferred master = no
max protocol = NT
acl compatibility = winnt
ldap ssl = No
server signing = Auto
netbios name = Serenity
; encrypt passwords = yes
; guest ok = no
; guest account = nobody

; printcap name = /etc/printcap
#obtain list of printers automatically on SystemV
; printcap name = lpstat
; printing = cups

# --------------------------- Filesystem Options ---------------------------
#
# The following options can be uncommented if the filesystem supports
# Extended Attributes and they are enabled (usually by the mount option
# user_xattr). Thess options will let the admin store the DOS attributes
# in an EA and make samba not mess with the permission bits.
#
# Note: these options can also be set just per share, setting them in global
# makes them the default for all shares

; map archive = no
; map hidden = no
; map read only = no
; map system = no
; store dos attributes = yes


#============================ Share Definitions ==============================

[homes]
comment = Home Directories
browseable = no
writeable = yes
; valid users = %S
; valid users = MYDOMAIN\%S

[printers]
comment = All Printers
path = /var/spool/samba
browseable = no
; guest ok = no
; writeable = no
printable = yes

[media]
case sensitive = no
strict locking = no
guest ok = yes
msdfs proxy = no
comment = media
path = /home/media
writeable = yes
; browseable = yes

[share]
case sensitive = no
strict locking = no
guest ok = yes
msdfs proxy = no
writeable = yes
comment = share
path = /home/share
; browseable = yes
 
Old 05-13-2008, 03:54 AM   #4
billymayday
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Registered: Mar 2006
Location: Sydney, Australia
Distribution: Fedora, CentOS, OpenSuse, Slack, Gentoo, Debian, Arch, PCBSD
Posts: 6,678

Rep: Reputation: 122Reputation: 122
From a terminal, try

ln -l /var/log/samba

to see what is update when you generate an error. Then post the output of

tail /var/log/samba/file_from_previous_step.log

Also describe what is happening when you try and connect from Windows
 
Old 05-13-2008, 04:03 AM   #5
wo2caisley
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Registered: Apr 2008
Location: Sydney
Distribution: Debian
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when I type ln -l /var/log/samba - I get "ln: invalid option -- l Try `ln --help' for more information."
 
Old 05-13-2008, 04:31 AM   #6
billymayday
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Distribution: Fedora, CentOS, OpenSuse, Slack, Gentoo, Debian, Arch, PCBSD
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Sorry - ls not ln
 
Old 05-13-2008, 04:40 AM   #7
wo2caisley
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ok - I get;
[root@localhost ben]# ls -l /var/log/samba
total 60
drwx------ 4 root root 4096 May 8 18:33 cores
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 3163 May 13 18:59 nmbd.log
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 15111 May 11 15:38 nmbd.log.1
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1260 May 13 19:34 smbd.log
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 10983 May 11 15:38 smbd.log.1
[root@localhost ben]#

which log file should I use for tail /var/log/samba/?
 
Old 05-13-2008, 04:47 AM   #8
wo2caisley
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get the following log when I type tail /var/log/samba/smbd.log

[2008/05/13 19:02:19, 0] smbd/negprot.c:reply_nt1(317)
reply_nt1: smb signing is incompatible with share level security !
[2008/05/13 19:34:19, 0] smbd/negprot.c:reply_nt1(317)
reply_nt1: smb signing is incompatible with share level security !
[2008/05/13 19:45:20, 0] smbd/negprot.c:reply_nt1(317)
reply_nt1: smb signing is incompatible with share level security !
[2008/05/13 19:45:20, 0] smbd/negprot.c:reply_nt1(317)
reply_nt1: smb signing is incompatible with share level security !
[2008/05/13 19:45:22, 0] smbd/negprot.c:reply_nt1(317)
reply_nt1: smb signing is incompatible with share level security !
 
Old 05-13-2008, 05:02 AM   #9
billymayday
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I'd guess you need to comment out the server signing line or not use share security
 
Old 05-13-2008, 05:19 AM   #10
wo2caisley
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Distribution: Debian
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sorry, I dont totally understand. I would like some sort of security - but thought share was the easiest way. I cant see the server signing line you reffer to? what does that do?

What I would love would be 2 share folders;

Private - folder that can only be accessed & viewed by myself
Share - folder that can be read/write by anyone
Backup - folder that can be ready by anyone - written only by myself.

How could I achieve that?
 
Old 05-13-2008, 05:27 AM   #11
wo2caisley
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I also tried to change the security level to user - get the same error on windows machine;

\\Serenity\media is not accessible. You might not have permission to use this network resource. Please contact the admin blah blah blah

The network path was not found
 
Old 05-13-2008, 05:36 AM   #12
billymayday
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Quote:
server signing = Auto
If you want to do that, I think you will need user level security. You should be able to set up a guest user for the shares and your user for your access.

I'd suggest you start by looking at the samba by example document on the samba site http://us3.samba.org/samba/docs/man/Samba-Guide/

Note that samba doesn't use normal users - you will need to create samba user (smbpasswd)
 
  


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