Linux - NewbieThis Linux forum is for members that are new to Linux.
Just starting out and have a question?
If it is not in the man pages or the how-to's this is the place!
Welcome to LinuxQuestions.org, a friendly and active Linux Community.
You are currently viewing LQ as a guest. By joining our community you will have the ability to post topics, receive our newsletter, use the advanced search, subscribe to threads and access many other special features. Registration is quick, simple and absolutely free. Join our community today!
Note that registered members see fewer ads, and ContentLink is completely disabled once you log in.
If you have any problems with the registration process or your account login, please contact us. If you need to reset your password, click here.
Having a problem logging in? Please visit this page to clear all LQ-related cookies.
Introduction to Linux - A Hands on Guide
This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter.
For more advanced trainees it can be a desktop reference, and a collection of the base knowledge needed to proceed with system and network administration. This book contains many real life examples derived from the author's experience as a Linux system and network administrator, trainer and consultant. They hope these examples will help you to get a better understanding of the Linux system and that you feel encouraged to try out things on your own.
Click Here to receive this Complete Guide absolutely free.
First thing you do is extract them. You can do that manually, from the command line, with:
tar xvf (or xzvf) packagename.tar.gz
But if you are running a GUI, you may as well simply right-click and select "Extract here".
What comes next depends on the type of file:
- if it is a binary, it is ready to run. For example, if you extract a firefox binary tar.gz, you can launch firefox by simpling cd-ing into the firefox folder and typing firefox. Other applications (java, perl, python) work similarly but you need to specify the interpreter on the command line, for example, if you have a Python app, you would use a command like python foo.py.
- if it is a source file, you will need to compile it first. Instructions are usually contained in an INSTALL file in the directory. Typically, you would cd into the directory and type:
- .configure (this will check whether you have all the required libraries installed to compile - examine any error messages in order to find out what still needs to be installed).
- make (=the actual compilation; this may still go wrong even if the .configure check didn't find any potential issues - this can be really frustrating)
- and finally, to install the compiled application: sudo make install
But as I said, always read the INSTALL and README files first.
Hotwire is a good learning aid but it does essentially the same thing as the terminal that is a standard component of all distros. Don't expect any magic, it's not going to compile anything automatically.
No, there isn't. But again, why would you want to compile anything yourself when so many things can be installed from the repositories? If it is something that you want/need to do, OK, but apparently it's not what you want/need. Most people get by without ever compiling anything, you know.