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I second snowpine's remarks, your sources.list is only pointing to your cdrom which is being ignored. Nothing is going to be found or installed and apt is informing you correctly. Furthermore, even as root, by using sudo without the - some commands will not work since you didn't su with the environment settings for the root user which are a bit different then those of a regular user. If you don't have sudo configured and want to use su, then make it a good practice to run:
The site pointed to is nice, thanks snowpine for pointing to it.
Your sources.list is excessive; I would trim it back to the essentials (the first two stanzas: "debian security updates" and "debian.org"), personally. (And then add additional repos as-needed.)
If you'd like to post some specific apt-get output, I'll take a look, but I can't help you with "still nothing from apt-get," that's just not enough information. Make sure you have used "apt-get update" to refresh with the new list, and that you have internet connectivity.
Check your sources.list file if you installed from a cd/dvd. I didn't activate a network on install from my dvd, so in result i had to edit my sources.list file before i could install anything off the internet because no mirror was selected.
Bamn! got it right first guess.
Just for clarification, It has been stated by another user that Debian Squeeze uses kde 4.6.5. This information is not correct. Debian Squeeze uses kde 4.4.5.
I'm glad you got Debian sorted out mate. may i suggest that you change your 'distribution' label in your user info, as you in fact do not use Gentoo, so it might be best to change it to Sabayon or to one of the distributions you actually use.
You basically will most likely want 4 repos, main, security, updates, backports.
Something like this:
## Debian Stable #
deb http://http.us.debian.org/debian/ squeeze main contrib non-free
deb-src http://http.us.debian.org/debian/ squeeze main contrib non-free
#Security Updates http://www.debian.org/security/
deb http://security.debian.org/ squeeze/updates main contrib non-free
deb http://http.us.debian.org/debian/ squeeze-updates main contrib non-free
# Debian Stable Backports
# For information visit - http://backports.debian.org/
deb http://backports.debian.org/debian-backports squeeze-backports main contrib non-free
On main and updates, you can use a different Mirror, but you only need 1. Having more than one is just going to slow apt-get update down and waste bandwidth.
If you want a newer version of Iceweasel you can add the mozilla.debian.net repo
see the site for directions.
If you use Google Chrome, when you download and install it adds a repo so it stays updated, Opera does the same thing.
As promised, everyone should have gotten a new reputation point added from me as it was pretty exhilarating actually getting Debian to work.
Now, a couple of minor but important side notes I thought I might ask any of you but here's a couple of things I need to tweak Debian to do. First, I love the kexec feature but can this be disabled easily with no side effects? What's most important about this is I am planning to use Linux From Scratch (LFS) and I need to be able to dual boot to a second linux distro easily and kexec doesn't allow this so easily but instead I have to shut the pc down completely first. 2nd, what is the best thing to do if I somehow mess my Grub config up from installing the 2nd distro. I have to do some research but Grub2 is different from Grub legacy plus wanting to use my computer's UEFI boot option and using a GPT disk, I have to figure out whether I need to mount a /boot partition for each distro I add or is the first and primary OS (Debian is this case) sufficient. You see, as it stands, two small partitions must be reserved, one of about 1 GB for bios_grub, and the other needs to be a 32mb vfat efi partition. Those never are touch. But the efi parition is setup so the boot flag is on. But this is seperate from a /boot mount partition. So then for the Debian distro, I create a ext3 boot partition of 500 mb but I have to find out if I need to create a /boot partition for each additional distro because if not and somehow Debian's /boot gets overwritten, there I will be needing to get into Debian. Theoretically, I think that any Grub2 if installed to /dev/sda will pick up all instances of a kernel in any distro but I'm not sure of this and research is hard to find. The other option is elilo but its somehow different from Grub2. So if anyone can just give me an idea of how to plan to get back into Debian if the bootloader is overwritten, that would be great. If you know about efi and guid partitions, feel free to add any pertinent info. Thanks!