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Old 12-04-2005, 09:03 PM   #1
badgerbox76
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HELP Apache Command not there, and some httpd.conf opt's


Hello i installed apache 2.2.0 on my ubuntu box, its running but i can not get the commands to work so i can stop and start it, and i am haveing trubbel inserting the server name i cant seem to find it

ANY HLEP WOULD BE GREAT!!!

nos@ubuntu:~$ su
Password:
root@ubuntu:/home/nos# httpd
bash: httpd: command not found
root@ubuntu:/home/nos# apache1
bash: apache1: command not found
root@ubuntu:/home/nos# apache2
bash: apache2: command not found
root@ubuntu:/home/nos# cat /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain localhost
192.168.0.102 ubuntu

# The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts
::1 ip6-localhost ip6-loopback
fe00::0 ip6-localnet
ff00::0 ip6-mcastprefix
ff02::1 ip6-allnodes
ff02::2 ip6-allrouters
ff02::3 ip6-allhosts
root@ubuntu:/home/nos# ping -c 3 localhost
PING localhost.localdomain (127.0.0.1) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from localhost.localdomain (127.0.0.1): icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.112 ms64 bytes from localhost.localdomain (127.0.0.1): icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.119 ms64 bytes from localhost.localdomain (127.0.0.1): icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.108 ms
--- localhost.localdomain ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 1999ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.108/0.113/0.119/0.004 ms
root@ubuntu:/home/nos#


####################################################################
httpd.conf


#
# This is the main Apache HTTP server configuration file. It contains the
# configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
# See <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2> for detailed information.
# In particular, see
# <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/directives.html>
# for a discussion of each configuration directive.
#
# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
# what they do. They're here only as hints or reminders. If you are unsure
# consult the online docs. You have been warned.
#
# Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many
# of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the
# server will use that explicit path. If the filenames do *not* begin
# with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so "logs/foo.log"
# with ServerRoot set to "/usr/local/apache2" will be interpreted by the
# server as "/usr/local/apache2/logs/foo.log".

#
# ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
# configuration, error, and log files are kept.
#
# Do not add a slash at the end of the directory path. If you point
# ServerRoot at a non-local disk, be sure to point the LockFile directive
# at a local disk. If you wish to share the same ServerRoot for multiple
# httpd daemons, you will need to change at least LockFile and PidFile.
#
ServerRoot "/usr/local/apache2"

#
# Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or
# ports, instead of the default. See also the <VirtualHost>
# directive.
#
# Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to
# prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses.
#
#Listen 12.34.56.78:80
Listen 80

#
# Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support
#
# To be able to use the functionality of a module which was built as a DSO you
# have to place corresponding `LoadModule' lines at this location so the
# directives contained in it are actually available _before_ they are used.
# Statically compiled modules (those listed by `httpd -l') do not need
# to be loaded here.
#
# Example:
# LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so
#

<IfModule !mpm_winnt_module>
<IfModule !mpm_netware_module>
#
# If you wish httpd to run as a different user or group, you must run
# httpd as root initially and it will switch.
#
# User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpd as.
# It is usually good practice to create a dedicated user and group for
# running httpd, as with most system services.
#
User daemon
Group daemon
</IfModule>
</IfModule>

# 'Main' server configuration
#
# The directives in this section set up the values used by the 'main'
# server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled by a
# <VirtualHost> definition. These values also provide defaults for
# any <VirtualHost> containers you may define later in the file.
#
# All of these directives may appear inside <VirtualHost> containers,
# in which case these default settings will be overridden for the
# virtual host being defined.
#

#
# ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be
# e-mailed. This address appears on some server-generated pages, such
# as error documents. e.g. admin@your-domain.com
#
ServerAdmin you@example.com

#
# ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself.
# This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify
# it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.
#
# If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.
#
#ServerName www.example.com:80

#
# DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
# documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
# symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
#
DocumentRoot "/usr/local/apache2/htdocs"

#
# Each directory to which Apache has access can be configured with respect
# to which services and features are allowed and/or disabled in that
# directory (and its subdirectories).
#
# First, we configure the "default" to be a very restrictive set of
# features.
#
<Directory />
Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride None
Order deny,allow
Deny from all
</Directory>

#
# Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow
# particular features to be enabled - so if something's not working as
# you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it
# below.
#

#
# This should be changed to whatever you set DocumentRoot to.
#
<Directory "/usr/local/apache2/htdocs">
#
# Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
# or any combination of:
# Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
#
# Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
# doesn't give it to you.
#
# The Options directive is both complicated and important. Please see
# http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/core.html#options
# for more information.
#
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

#
# AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
# It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
# Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
#
AllowOverride None

#
# Controls who can get stuff from this server.
#
Order allow,deny
Allow from all

</Directory>

#
# DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory
# is requested.
#
<IfModule dir_module>
DirectoryIndex index.html
</IfModule>

#
# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being
# viewed by Web clients.
#
<FilesMatch "^\.ht">
Order allow,deny
Deny from all
</FilesMatch>

#
# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
# If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>
# container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
# logged here. If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost>
# container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.
#
ErrorLog logs/error_log

#
# LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
#
LogLevel warn

<IfModule log_config_module>
#
# The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
# a CustomLog directive (see below).
#
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common

<IfModule logio_module>
# You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio
</IfModule>

#
# The location and format of the access logfile (Common Logfile Format).
# If you do not define any access logfiles within a <VirtualHost>
# container, they will be logged here. Contrariwise, if you *do*
# define per-<VirtualHost> access logfiles, transactions will be
# logged therein and *not* in this file.
#
CustomLog logs/access_log common

#
# If you prefer a logfile with access, agent, and referer information
# (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the following directive.
#
#CustomLog logs/access_log combined
</IfModule>

<IfModule alias_module>
#
# Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to
# exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client
# will make a new request for the document at its new location.
# Example:
# Redirect permanent /foo http://www.example.com/bar

#
# Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to
# access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot.
# Example:
# Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path
#
# If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the server will
# require it to be present in the URL. You will also likely
# need to provide a <Directory> section to allow access to
# the filesystem path.

#
# ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts.
# ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that
# documents in the target directory are treated as applications and
# run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the
# client. The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias
# directives as to Alias.
#
ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/usr/local/apache2/cgi-bin/"

</IfModule>

<IfModule cgid_module>
#
# ScriptSock: On threaded servers, designate the path to the UNIX
# socket used to communicate with the CGI daemon of mod_cgid.
#
#Scriptsock logs/cgisock
</IfModule>

#
# "/usr/local/apache2/cgi-bin" should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased
# CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
#
<Directory "/usr/local/apache2/cgi-bin">
AllowOverride None
Options None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
</Directory>

#
# DefaultType: the default MIME type the server will use for a document
# if it cannot otherwise determine one, such as from filename extensions.
# If your server contains mostly text or HTML documents, "text/plain" is
# a good value. If most of your content is binary, such as applications
# or images, you may want to use "application/octet-stream" instead to
# keep browsers from trying to display binary files as though they are
# text.
#
DefaultType text/plain

<IfModule mime_module>
#
# TypesConfig points to the file containing the list of mappings from
# filename extension to MIME-type.
#
TypesConfig conf/mime.types

#
# AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration
# file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types.
#
#AddType application/x-gzip .tgz
#
# AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress
# information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.
#
#AddEncoding x-compress .Z
#AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz
#
# If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you
# probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:
#
AddType application/x-compress .Z
AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz

#
# AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers":
# actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server
# or added with the Action directive (see below)
#
# To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories:
# (You will also need to add "ExecCGI" to the "Options" directive.)
#
#AddHandler cgi-script .cgi

# For files that include their own HTTP headers:
#AddHandler send-as-is asis

# For server-parsed imagemap files:
#AddHandler imap-file map

# For type maps (negotiated resources):
#AddHandler type-map var

#
# Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to the client.
#
# To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI):
# (You will also need to add "Includes" to the "Options" directive.)
#
#AddType text/html .shtml
#AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml
</IfModule>

#
# The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hints from the
# contents of the file itself to determine its type. The MIMEMagicFile
# directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located.
#
#MIMEMagicFile conf/magic

#
# Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
# 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
#
# Some examples:
#ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo."
#ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
#ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl"
#ErrorDocument 402 http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html
#

#
# EnableMMAP and EnableSendfile: On systems that support it,
# memory-mapping or the sendfile syscall is used to deliver
# files. This usually improves server performance, but must
# be turned off when serving from networked-mounted
# filesystems or if support for these functions is otherwise
# broken on your system.
#
#EnableMMAP off
#EnableSendfile off

# Supplemental configuration
#
# The configuration files in the conf/extra/ directory can be
# included to add extra features or to modify the default configuration of
# the server, or you may simply copy their contents here and change as
# necessary.

# Server-pool management (MPM specific)
#Include conf/extra/httpd-mpm.conf

# Multi-language error messages
#Include conf/extra/httpd-multilang-errordoc.conf

# Fancy directory listings
#Include conf/extra/httpd-autoindex.conf

# Language settings
#Include conf/extra/httpd-languages.conf

# User home directories
#Include conf/extra/httpd-userdir.conf

# Real-time info on requests and configuration
#Include conf/extra/httpd-info.conf

# Virtual hosts
#Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

# Local access to the Apache HTTP Server Manual
#Include conf/extra/httpd-manual.conf

# Distributed authoring and versioning (WebDAV)
#Include conf/extra/httpd-dav.conf

# Various default settings
#Include conf/extra/httpd-default.conf

# Secure (SSL/TLS) connections
#Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf
#
# Note: The following must must be present to support
# starting without SSL on platforms with no /dev/random equivalent
# but a statically compiled-in mod_ssl.
#
<IfModule ssl_module>
SSLRandomSeed startup builtin
SSLRandomSeed connect builtin
</IfModule>
 
Old 12-04-2005, 10:26 PM   #2
Kristijan
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badgerbox76,

Code:
nos@ubuntu:~$ su
Password:
root@ubuntu:/home/nos# httpd
Try using su - instead to switch to the root user. This way you will inherit roots paths.

Regards
Kristijan
 
Old 12-04-2005, 11:21 PM   #3
MasterC
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And, for most of the systems I've used, it's:
apachectl
OR
apache2ctl

Cool
 
Old 12-05-2005, 10:07 AM   #4
badgerbox76
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Thanks the the su advice but i did login as root before useing these commands and i will try the new apache commands and post how it goes.


apachectl apache2ctl
 
Old 12-05-2005, 04:32 PM   #5
badgerbox76
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Still no Luck

ok i tryed apachectl apache2ctl but still i could not get apache to repond so i was reading some doc's at http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/invoking.html about how to bind the apachel command to the config file but here is what i got.


root@ubuntu:/home/nos# apachectl
bash: apachectl: command not found
root@ubuntu:/home/nos# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl -f /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf
root@ubuntu:/home/nos# apachectl bash: apachectl: command not found
root@ubuntu:/home/nos# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl -f /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf
(98)Address already in use: make_sock: could not bind to address [::]:80
(98)Address already in use: make_sock: could not bind to address 0.0.0.0:80
no listening sockets available, shutting down
Unable to open logs
root@ubuntu:/home/nos#
 
Old 12-06-2005, 01:28 AM   #6
MasterC
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Well, looks like you've found the command

My guess is that you need to configure your httpd.conf to listen on the appropriate port. The little info I have I suspect you have an httpd already running (check with:
ps aux | grep http)
If so, kill it. And actually, looking at what you've typed above, you didn't really do anything. So try something like:
apachectl start -f /whatever/you/want/for/httpd.conf

Good Luck, from here on out it looks like you just need to actually configure apache.

Cool
 
Old 12-06-2005, 05:32 PM   #7
badgerbox76
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ok i tryed what you said to do and hear is what i got.

oh yeah and when i was looking around aptitude here is what what it said about httpd

Package created with chechinstall 1.6.0
WARNING: This version of httpd is from an untrusted source! Insalling this package could allow a malicious individual to damage or take control of you system.

Could this by why apache is not working right? and how would i uninstall it?

thanks

root@ubuntu:/usr/local/apache2/bin# ls
ab apr-1-config apxs dbmmanage envvars-std htdbm htpasswd httxt2dbm rotatelogs
apachectl apu-1-config checkgid envvars htcacheclean htdigest httpd logresolve
root@ubuntu:/usr/local/apache2/bin# ./apachectl start
httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using 127.0.0.1 for ServerName
root@ubuntu:/usr/local/apache2/bin# ./apachectl start
httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using 127.0.0.1 for ServerName
httpd (pid 15969) already running
root@ubuntu:/usr/local/apache2/bin# ping -c 3 localhost
PING localhost (127.0.0.1) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from localhost (127.0.0.1): icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.169 ms
64 bytes from localhost (127.0.0.1): icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.120 ms
64 bytes from localhost (127.0.0.1): icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.111 ms

--- localhost ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 1999ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.111/0.133/0.169/0.027 ms
root@ubuntu:/usr/local/apache2/bin# ./apachectl stop
httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using 127.0.0.1 for ServerName
root@ubuntu:/usr/local/apache2/bin# ./apachectl stop
httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using 127.0.0.1 for ServerName
httpd (no pid file) not running
root@ubuntu:/usr/local/apache2/bin# apachectl start -f /whatever/you/want/for/httpd.conf
bash: apachectl: command not found
root@ubuntu:/usr/local/apache2/bin#
 
Old 12-07-2005, 12:41 PM   #8
MasterC
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Your last command there didn't work because you are in the directory where apachectl is living. As you did in the above examples, when executing a program from the current directory, you put a ./ in front of the executable. So:
./apachectl start -f /your/config/file/httpd.conf

Where /your/config/file/httpd.conf is the actual location (which is VERY unlikely /your/config/file/httpd.conf but more likely something like /usr/local/apache/etc/httpd.conf).

I doubt that your problem is that your system is infected. But, if it is, you certainly don't want to be running a webserver on it.

Good Luck!

Cool
 
Old 12-07-2005, 03:05 PM   #9
badgerbox76
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After runing the command and still not geting it to work i think i am going to uninstall it but i would like to know how to, i installed it from source and i have keeped the foulder that i conpield the code in i just moved it. Could you give me the commands to run so i can wipe my system clean of the server and try again?

here is the command i ran gust so you can have a look, and thanks for keeping up with me one this one.

root@ubuntu:/usr/local/apache2/bin# ./apachectl start -f /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf
Usage: /usr/local/apache2/bin/httpd [-D name] [-d directory] [-f file]
[-C "directive"] [-c "directive"]
[-k start|restart|graceful|graceful-stop|stop]
[-v] [-V] [-h] [-l] [-L] [-t] [-S]
Options:
-D name : define a name for use in <IfDefine name> directives
-d directory : specify an alternate initial ServerRoot
-f file : specify an alternate ServerConfigFile
-C "directive" : process directive before reading config files
-c "directive" : process directive after reading config files
-e level : show startup errors of level (see LogLevel)
-E file : log startup errors to file
-v : show version number
-V : show compile settings
-h : list available command line options (this page)
-l : list compiled in modules
-L : list available configuration directives
-t -D DUMP_VHOSTS : show parsed settings (currently only vhost settings)
-S : a synonym for -t -D DUMP_VHOSTS
-t -D DUMP_MODULES : show all loaded modules
-M : a synonym for -t -D DUMP_MODULES
-t : run syntax check for config files
root@ubuntu:/usr/local/apache2/bin#
 
Old 12-08-2005, 04:48 PM   #10
badgerbox76
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Could some one give me the commands to uninstall the apache web server i installed from source code
 
  


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