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Do you just want to insert a second drive into your machine and do a bulk copy to it? If so, look into the "dd" program. Awsomemachine has an awesome tutorial on using it here on LQ. Also, look to the bottom of this page for threads similar to this.
I normally use Linux terminal command dd to clone everything and use "gparted" or "Parted Magic" to resize the partitions. Both Gparted and Parted Magic Live CD has a Bash shell so you can do everything there.
I think dd doesn't do compression but there is nothing to stop a user to compress an output file from dd.
dd may be dumb and copies everything, including zero, but that is the only program that handles the boot sector as filing system based copying programs do not touch it. It is really horses for courses.