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Anyway, the gist of it is sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list. Delete the "#" from in front of all the lines that say "deb" (in particular you're looking for universe and mulitverse). Then hit Ctrl-X to exit (be sure to hit enter to save as /etc/apt/sources.list). sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade.
If this fails and you get too tired of rebooting and stuff, you certainly can re-install. Depends on how much you have invested in this install or whether you just want the practice. But the nice thing about Debian based distros are that you shouldn't ever have to re-install.
But it is tough when you're working on dual boot. That's why at work I'm using Cooperative Linux. It runs on top of Windows and gives me a full Debian install. You have to get x via VNC though, but it was pretty easy to do. I'd give it one last go with what I've written above.
Did you save your home directory on a separate partition? If you reinstall, you may go that route and have a /home, /, /swap, and a shared FAT32 that XP can see also (for sharing files). And I'm sure the newer Ubuntu has bug fixes and the like that will help ease this process a bit. But you'll probably have to follow the new Unofficial Ubuntu Guide http://easylinux.info/wiki/Ubuntu
Trust me when I say I had no programs to setup in the first place
And is that possible to have a folder that can be shared by my XP and Linux?
Also, any book recommendations or guides? I am having crummy success at finding things that actually help a complete beginner.
Well, for Ubuntu, I would definitely use the Unofficial Ubuntu Guide. It will tell you step by step what to type to setup common things like your Nvidia card, java, flash, etc.
For just Newbie in general, you should google for "newbie CLI tutorial" and probably read up a bit on permissions. Really, I just learned by wanting to do something and then googling. Sometimes someone would have the same problem. Other times I would get sidetracked and learn something I wasn't expecting. The best thing I can say is to not be afraid of the CLI. For one thing, as a user you can't screw it up to badly. Be careful with sudo and root priveledges. Always backup files you work on as root.
Well, I can't do that right now because I am typing... using Ubuntu!
Your sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade got me to 1.10 and now everything works. I am ready to start learning...
Now, before I start looking at guides, I have to find a way to make the damn scroll work!
Can you post your /etc/apt/sources.list? (the output of more /etc/apt/sources.list) I'm just curious if you're actually upgraded to 5.10 or if you're actually just in an up-to-date 5.04. If you post the list, I can let you know for sure.
By the way, Congratulations! Nothing more satisfying than solving a problem on your own.
## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from the 'universe'
## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu
## team, and may not be under a free licence. Please satisfy yourself as to
## your rights to use the software. Also, please note that software in
## universe WILL NOT receive any review or updates from the Ubuntu security
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu hoary universe
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu hoary universe