LinuxQuestions.org
Download your favorite Linux distribution at LQ ISO.
Go Back   LinuxQuestions.org > Forums > Linux Forums > Linux - Newbie
User Name
Password
Linux - Newbie This Linux forum is for members that are new to Linux.
Just starting out and have a question? If it is not in the man pages or the how-to's this is the place!

Notices


Reply
  Search this Thread
Old 09-17-2009, 09:59 AM   #1
nealt
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Sep 2009
Posts: 3

Rep: Reputation: 0
GUI Interface


UBUNTU 9.04 loaded. This will be my homes server. It only has command line screen. How can I get a GUI up and running.
 
Old 09-17-2009, 10:01 AM   #2
r3sistance
Senior Member
 
Registered: Mar 2004
Location: UK
Distribution: CentOS 6/7
Posts: 1,375

Rep: Reputation: 217Reputation: 217Reputation: 217
If you installed a Desktop Manager then startx should bring you to a GUI.

However this is only temporary and you'd need to change the file /etc/inittab to reflect the change. I believe in Ubuntu the correct run level for X is run level 2 and CLI is run level 3 so you need to change /etc/inittab from 3 to 2... unfortantly I don't have debian or ubuntu to hand so I can't directly show the part of the line to edit as I am not certain it's the same as other distributions.
 
Old 09-17-2009, 10:12 AM   #3
damicatz
Member
 
Registered: May 2004
Distribution: FreeBSD 7, Debian "Squeeze", OpenBSD 4.5
Posts: 167

Rep: Reputation: 30
Quote:
Originally Posted by r3sistance View Post
If you installed a Desktop Manager then startx should bring you to a GUI.

However this is only temporary and you'd need to change the file /etc/inittab to reflect the change. I believe in Ubuntu the correct run level for X is run level 2 and CLI is run level 3 so you need to change /etc/inittab from 3 to 2... unfortantly I don't have debian or ubuntu to hand so I can't directly show the part of the line to edit as I am not certain it's the same as other distributions.
Ubuntu is Debian based which means it only has two distinct runlevels (besides the usual shutdown/restart runlevels). Runlevel 1 is single user-mode and runlevels 3-5 are multiuser. There is no difference between 2-5, all of them will start the display manager if the display manager is configured.

Installing the display manager *should* configure (or give you the option) to configure it to start up automatically. You can change what display manager the system uses by default by editing /etc/X11/default-display-manager.

Last edited by damicatz; 09-17-2009 at 10:13 AM.
 
Old 09-18-2009, 03:56 AM   #4
nealt
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Sep 2009
Posts: 3

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 0
Thanks for the response. Can you recommend a Desktop Manager? Are there many varieties of these available? If so what are pros and cons of these? Sorry to be so uninformed, I am learning by trial and error as I have only ever used Windows up to this week. Still none of us are perfect are we!
 
Old 09-18-2009, 08:40 AM   #5
damicatz
Member
 
Registered: May 2004
Distribution: FreeBSD 7, Debian "Squeeze", OpenBSD 4.5
Posts: 167

Rep: Reputation: 30
Quote:
Originally Posted by nealt View Post
Thanks for the response. Can you recommend a Desktop Manager? Are there many varieties of these available? If so what are pros and cons of these? Sorry to be so uninformed, I am learning by trial and error as I have only ever used Windows up to this week. Still none of us are perfect are we!
I can list some desktop managers. I can't recommend any specific one though because it's entirely up to personal preference (many a debate has broken out over that question).

The big three desktop environments are GNOME, KDE, and XFCE.

http://www.kde.org
KDE is the oldest one; it's been around since the mid-90s. This is the most Windows-like of the DEs and it has tons of options and configurability. The downside is that it uses more resources (disk space and RAM) than the other two.

http://www.gnome.org
GNOME is arguably the most like Macintosh. GNOME favors simplicity and tends to limit the amount of configurability and options presented to the user in order to avoid confusion.

http://www.xfce.org
XFCE is the lightest of the three. XFCE adopts a minimalist approach and doesn't come with all of the thrills of the other desktops. XFCE uses the least memory and computer resources of all of the big three.

There are a bunch of other desktop environments and windows managers as well but a new user should probably start with one of the above three.
 
Old 09-19-2009, 05:43 AM   #6
nealt
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Sep 2009
Posts: 3

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 0
To Damicatz,
Thanks for the clear response. Little hitches when you first start are very difficult to overcome.
Neal
 
Old 09-19-2009, 08:11 AM   #7
onebuck
Moderator
 
Registered: Jan 2005
Location: Midwest USA, Central Illinois
Distribution: SlackwareŽ
Posts: 12,758
Blog Entries: 27

Rep: Reputation: 2079Reputation: 2079Reputation: 2079Reputation: 2079Reputation: 2079Reputation: 2079Reputation: 2079Reputation: 2079Reputation: 2079Reputation: 2079Reputation: 2079
Hi,

Welcome to LQ!

If your setting up a 'home' server then I would be sure to learn the 'cli'. Running 'X' is a big no, no and even worse as 'root'. But it's your machine to run as you wish. But you had better know what and how to recover from those 'rootkits'. Another potential problem would be with your 'ISP' when that script kiddie starts spamming from your 'home' server.

Just a few links to aid you;

Linux Documentation Project
Rute Tutorial & Exposition
Linux Command Guide
Linux Newbie Admin Guide
LinuxSelfHelp
Getting Started with Linux
Advanced Bash-Scripting Guide

These links and others can be found at 'Slackware-Links' . More than just SlackwareŽ links!
 
  


Reply


Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is Off
HTML code is Off



Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Bind gui interface bdavide Linux - Newbie 5 06-15-2008 08:12 AM
Lost GUI interface mazbone Linux - Newbie 3 04-01-2008 03:40 AM
GUI interface to mplayer praveen_repelle Linux - Desktop 2 02-01-2007 05:38 AM
GUI Interface does not start hobz Linux - Newbie 5 10-16-2004 09:02 AM
SU under a gui interface??? TuxNewb Linux - Newbie 4 12-07-2003 06:19 PM

LinuxQuestions.org > Forums > Linux Forums > Linux - Newbie

All times are GMT -5. The time now is 09:02 AM.

Main Menu
Advertisement
My LQ
Write for LQ
LinuxQuestions.org is looking for people interested in writing Editorials, Articles, Reviews, and more. If you'd like to contribute content, let us know.
Main Menu
Syndicate
RSS1  Latest Threads
RSS1  LQ News
Twitter: @linuxquestions
Facebook: linuxquestions Google+: linuxquestions
Open Source Consulting | Domain Registration