You need to read this article and use your live cd to perform the tasks. Here is one precaution to take
Important note: Configuration changes are normally made to /etc/default/grub and to the custom files located in /etc/grub.d. The /boot/grub/grub.cfg file should not be edited by the user; changes to this file are made by configuration scripts. After editing /etc/default/grub, you need to run sudo update-grub for your changes to take effect on the next boot.