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Some that can teach me to use linux....science stuff...something to help me learn programming with C++ or maybe something a bit noober like python or pearl...umm...hmm...maybe books if you can download them...ive seen some around before but i'm not sure how popular that is. anything else can wait till i get a router or something so i can get it only.
tar is an abbreviation for Tape ARchive. so .tar.gz is basically the equivalent of .zip files on windows. A program called 'tar' is used to create and open tar files. A .tar.gz file has been run through tar to consolidate a bunch of files then gzip to compress them. To uncompress the .tar.gz file, you can
tar -zxvf scr.tar.gz
which will uncompress and un-tar the file in one step, or you can gunzip it first then use tar to extract the archive.
again, check the man pages, man tar, man gunzip. Man pages are your friend, they will tell you all you need to know about Linux.
Sometimes the man pages really are not enough. But another good thing to try is the info command. Sometimes the info pages have alot more info than the man pages. For instance, I'm trying to figure out how to extact files from a .tar at the moment. I tried what seemed correct from the man page.
$ tar -x Archive.tar .
but that did nothing. Now i'm looking through the info pages to find more detailed info of the use of the tar command.
Oh and I don't rememeber if anyone else suggested this yet, but I would burn a copy of Knoppix. You can use that and learn linux stuff (take good notes while doing it) without picking a distro yet or even installing anything to your HD. I've even booted it on lab computers at school