I have just realised OP has not replied for 2 weeks. so while we wait...its over to try creagru
1) Did you have to edit at grub boot the similar line with different UUID like gburdine
If so, you are more advanced than most newbies.
2) Assuming you can get into your system....I would like you to run some commands and post the results into a code box.
3) so post these files please..into separate boxes
and run this command, as a non-root user.. post into a separate box
ls -al /dev/disk/by-uuid/
If you can not get into your system...please say so.
Then run your distro as a live cd.
Your distro may mount = (make readable) partitions under /media or under /mnt...so just read /etc/fstab as maybe /mnt/etc/fstab
If your distro does not AUTOMATICALLY mount your hard drive partitions we can mount them manually
open a terminal and do this
sudo mkdir /z
mount /dev/sda1 /z
where I assume sda1 is your first linux partition and is where you installed linux.
if you are not sure....run gparted and look at your partitons.
For example if you are dual booting...it may be /dev/sda5?