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fernfrancis 02-15-2011 05:20 AM

first line in shell scripting
 
hi guys

I am a bit confused with the first line while writing a shell script , if someone can please explain me the meaning of the first line
" #!/bin/bash "

the confusion for me is the # at the beginning , in shell scripting # means a comment. but in this case it loads the shell which the script must use,instead of commenting the line how is this possible. where is this defined , any particular file.

so if someone can throw some light on this

EricTRA 02-15-2011 05:35 AM

Hello,

Some clarifications on the 'shebang' or also called 'hashbang':
http://wiki.linuxquestions.org/wiki/Shebang
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shebang_(Unix)
and a lot more to be found at Google.

Kind regards,

Eric

citi 02-15-2011 08:50 AM

the way i understand it is it identifies the file as a bash script and in my experience with editors like nano and vi the commented lines are preceded with two #. it is in python i notice one # marks a comment.

EricTRA 02-15-2011 08:53 AM

Hi citi,

In Bash it also considers only 1 # as a comment, if you want to put two no problem but one suffices. The only difference with the 'shebang' is that it must be the first two characters in a file. If the first character is a # directly followed by ! then it gets interpreted as 'shebang' or 'hashbang' and the command following it will be used to process the file (bash, sh, perl, python, ...).

Kind regards,

Eric


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