Originally Posted by prepian
@ i92guboj - I'm accessing files in ntfs and fat32. Part of my hard disk is in ntfs & fat32 and my back-up external disk is in fat32. How do I set the encoding settings when mounting? The external drive mounts when I plug it in - and I just begin to use it. I think your reply is getting me nearer to the solution
The man page for mount is the first thing you should be reading. Specially the mount options for vfat (and more specifically "iocharset" and "codepage") and those for ntfs ("nls" and "utf8"). However, for ntfs you should be using ntfs3g instead of the in-kernel ntfs driver, which will probably fix all your problems.
Once you can mount the fs by hand (using the mount command) and everything is ok, it is time to start looking at how your distro automounts the volumes, and see how we can change the default mount options.