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Old 07-05-2002, 05:12 AM   #1
Buttercups
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Registered: Jul 2002
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Unhappy File system check failure


This occur after i installed HP Dat Tape Drive. My 1st reboot was successful but my pc hangs while i was doing some installation check on shell. i reset my pc and this came out:

Checking root filesystem
/ contains a file system with errors, check forced
/:
Unattached inode 71506
/: UNEXPECTED INCONSISTENCY; RUN fsck MANUALLY
(i.e, without -a or -p options) [FAILED]

*** An error occured during the file system check
*** Dropping you to a shell; the system will reboot
*** when you leave the shell

Give root password for maintenance
(or type Control-D for normal startup):

--- After i typed my root passwd. (when i Ctrl-D it just reboot again with the same thing)---

bash: id: command not found
[: too many arguements

(Repair filesystem) 1 #

Is this the end of my system or is there any way to resusitate it? I'm running Red Hat 7.2.
 
Old 07-05-2002, 02:25 PM   #2
Mara
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Use a boot disk (or installation cd in rescue mode) and run fsck on your root filesystem. It should fix the errors.
 
Old 07-05-2002, 02:27 PM   #3
DavidPhillips
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when you type the password you are logged into a shell.

this is where you need to run fsck on the partition thats bad

fsck /dev/hda1 or whatever it is. or

fsck /

ctrl+d will log you out of the shell so it will reboot


when it runs you would usually answer yes to all the questions and it will repair it

if there are files that are damaged they will likely go to the /lost+found folder



(Repair filesystem) 1 # fsck /




Last edited by DavidPhillips; 07-05-2002 at 02:31 PM.
 
Old 07-05-2002, 02:33 PM   #4
DavidPhillips
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You should use ext3 so it will not happen again
 
Old 07-05-2002, 02:52 PM   #5
pickledbeans
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DavidPhillips,

I don't think that's completely correct, RH7. uses ext3 by default, and I still get filesytems error and
a have to run fsck after unscheduled reboots?

At least that what it says?


note: you can also run fsck -y /

Last edited by pickledbeans; 07-05-2002 at 02:54 PM.
 
Old 07-05-2002, 03:19 PM   #6
DavidPhillips
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but the journal file should help prevent problems
 
Old 07-05-2002, 09:50 PM   #7
Buttercups
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Thanks guys.. for a moment i thought i had to do the whole long & painful installations again.
But i have some questions still:

1. How to know which filesystem is in error? Like after i type the fsck / on repair filesystem 1# then answer all the Q's, do i have to do that on all filesystem?? how may are there?? i went up to 103 then i gave up..

2. if i just type the fsck /dev/hda1 does that mean it will repair everything in that hda1 partition? (instead of doing it one by one like in above ??

3. what does the -y / option do??
 
Old 07-05-2002, 10:15 PM   #8
pickledbeans
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fsck -y answer yes to all the questions.

so
fsck -y /dev/hda1 will only repair error on drive /dev/hda1

it wouldn't heat to run it on all the hard drives that get mounted.
 
Old 07-06-2002, 12:11 AM   #9
DavidPhillips
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you can check them but they should not be mounted, so you would want to use a root-boot disk

I don't think you need to...

your post of the error says it's only the / partition, therefore the others were probably already checked, fixed, and passed


also you can set the ext3 filesystem to check if you want to, it will by default every 20 boots

the problem with ext2 is that the system don't know what files are open when it locks

Last edited by DavidPhillips; 07-06-2002 at 12:14 AM.
 
  


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