I will give what i found out till now...
e2fsck is used to check a Linux second extended file system (ext2fs). E2fsck also supports ext2 filesystems containing a journal, which are also sometimes known as ext3 filesystems, by first applying the journal to the filesystem before continuing with normal e2fsck processing. After the journal has been applied, a filesystem will normally be marked as clean. Hence, for ext3 filesystems, e2fsck will normally run the journal and exit, unless its superblock indicates that further checking is required.
How much time the check takes? 5 secs or an hour.
If it takes 5 seconds, then it's using the journal. The fsck that's used for ext3 replays the journal to make the filesystem consistent then assumes that everything's OK and continues.
If it takes an hour, then one of the time-between-fscks or mounts-between-fscks counters has expired, and it's doing a full fsck because a journal does not protect against corrupted data.