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If I backup my home directory, will my hidden files be included which I want of course or do I need to add an option to tar
yes. Any .file (other than . and ..) will be backed up.
Is this OK for a syntax
tar -cvphf /media/disk/myhome.tar /home/roy/
c create file
p preserve permissions
h follow symlinks
f archive file
I would use rsync but I gotten error messages about preserving the permissions on the vfat partition via /media/disk
It depends on what you want.
Following symlinks can cause all kinds of problems - think about what would happen if you created a symbolic link with "ln -s / testlink". You would then be creating a tar of both the specific sub tree (/home/roy/) but would also include the files in /... which would eventually include the files in "/home/roy/". And you would never finish... Hopefully tar would recognize such an error.