does files with .html extension work on linux server?
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Any web server will serve html. That's what they are designed for.
The extensions that it will serve and parse will only depend on how the web server is configured. 99.99% of the servers are configured to serve files with html/HTML extensions as html, and to use "index.html" or "index.php" as the default nowadays. No admin ever changes that unless it's doing a very odd thing with the server (and in that case s/he probably picked the incorrect tool, since the purpose of html servers is to serve html...).
Most servers will be able to serve additional mime and file types (txt, php, xml, svg...), it all depends on how it was compiled and configured.
In short, if your files are valid html you shouldn't need to change anything, regardless of the host OS.
Another thing to consider, is that ALL your links, and file references must be case sensitive. In a winblows server, they usually ignore case.
example of good html in Linux if the file linked is named Love_Song.mp3:
<a href="mp3s/Love_Song.mp3">A Love Song</a>
If the file were named 'love_song.mp3' it would not work in linux servers beit apache, lighttpd, or others.