Do i really have to mount my every partition first to use them??
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Can you tell me a little bit about each thing?
1- /dev/sda4 - What's that?
2- /mnt/sda4 - Mount point
3- ext2 - sda4 file system
6- 1 - What's that?
1- the hardware device.
before you were using uuid which is a unique identifier that doesnt need to be changed when you add remove devices. (notice in my example my /dev/hda1 had to change to /dev/hda2 when i bought a new hard drive).
2- the mount point that is used to reference a specific device (this is where you access the partition of the hard drive).
3- the filesystem that is formatted on the partiion.
4- options passed to the mount command.
relatime - something about relative access timestamps on files.
errors=remount-ro - probably if there is an error, try to mount read-only.