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I know little to nothing about Linux but I tried DSL on an old Celeron 400 with 64mb of RAM and it was unbelievably fast. Didn't have the features I was looking for in a Linux distro but it is a 50MB .iso and runs very fast.
I've unfortunately never tried it on such a computer, but my retail packaged copy of mandrake 10 says that the minimum requirements are:
All pentium/AMD and compatible processors
32 mb ram for text installation, 64 for graphical installation
500 mb minmum hard disk space (preferably 1gb)
That's very minimal by todays standards and actually lower than what you're using as the pentium processors started at 60 mhz, if I recall right? Plus it only needs 64 mb of ram for an installation with a GUI, and you have double that.
As I said, I've not tried it, but if they print it on the box then I'm quite sure someone did and considered the performance acceptable.
Seems like everyone has an opinion so I will add mine. Take a look at DeLi Linux. DeLi stands for Desktop Light and the test box they use is a 486 laptop with 16 MB RAM. It includes email clients, graphical web browser, an office package with word processor and spreadsheet, and so on. A full install, including XFree and development tools, needs not more than 250 MB of harddisk space. I commandeered a lot of this info straight from the website.
i won't speculate about other distro's/programs that i haven't used. i have an old compaq pentium II around 100 mHz, with 64 mB RAM, and something like 6 gB harddrive. i run slackware 10.0, fluxbox, firefox etc. the system is incredibly stable (current uptime over 37 days), and performance is perfectly adequate. fluxbox loads quickly and is responsive. light apps like terminals, emacs etc load almost as quickly as they do on my pentium 4. firefox takes a little longer to load, but once it's open performance is fine. i installed open office and used it a few times, but don't remember specifically how it performed. in my experience it's always a bit slow, even on brand-new hardware.
anyway, slackware and fluxbox make a very powerful combination if you're looking for speed and stability, and if you don't mind getting your hands a wee bit dirty (and i do mean a wee bit).
As it seems, everyone has an opinion... Here is mine, for what it's worth
Gentoo is good, Slack is good, but no one has mentioned Arch (yes, I'm an Arch zealot)
It's as fast as a gentoo stage 3, and you can customize it yourself, however you want, and NO compiling is requireied (although you can if you want, but the PKGBUILDS are very good... think deb)
Arch is a metadistro, so you don't have to update from one version to the next.... has a good packagemanagement (think apt-get, but called pacman... fulfills the same functions, at the same reliability), altough Debian based systems have far more packages, Arch has yet to not have anything I want.
Mepis is a great ditro, but in terms of speed, Arch blows it away (I have both installed on my machine right now.. haven't touched Mepis in a long time)
Arch, you do have to set up yourself, but it isn't difficult (specially with HWD, the hardware detection tool that Knoppix uses. There are tons of advantages of setting it up youself. It also has the best documentation... well second best, Gentoo has the best, but Arch is a close second, and is condensed.
Give it a try, I used to use tons of distros and changed them as often as I changed my underwear (ok, so not that often)... met Arch, and fell in love..
try it, you might just like it... plus, it should run just fine on your older hardware, specially if you use a WM like Blackbox, Whitebox, E, FVWM (all great ones).