LinuxQuestions.org
Download your favorite Linux distribution at LQ ISO.
Go Back   LinuxQuestions.org > Forums > Linux Forums > Linux - Newbie
User Name
Password
Linux - Newbie This Linux forum is for members that are new to Linux.
Just starting out and have a question? If it is not in the man pages or the how-to's this is the place!

Notices


Reply
  Search this Thread
Old 02-03-2013, 05:21 PM   #1
White Essence
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Feb 2013
Posts: 18

Rep: Reputation: Disabled
Different Linux versions within different Linux distributions?


Alright... From my understanding there are different distributions of Linux. I've seen Ubuntu, Mint, Debian, Fedora the list goes on... When I try to choose which distribution I want to test, I run into the problem of having to choose which version I want to use. I just want to know what the differences are between the different versions I keep running across. Examples would be KDE, XFCE, GNOME, Mate, Cinnamon, LXDE... I ask because I cannot find any information about these different versions, and I don't know what separates them from each other (I mean KDE from XFCE in the same distribution). I am assuming that some of these, like KDE, share similarities between distributions since I have seen KDE in multiple distributions, Mint, Debian, Fedora...
 
Old 02-03-2013, 05:32 PM   #2
snowpine
Senior Member
 
Registered: Feb 2009
Posts: 4,037

Rep: Reputation: 1099Reputation: 1099Reputation: 1099Reputation: 1099Reputation: 1099Reputation: 1099Reputation: 1099Reputation: 1099
KDE, Gnome, Xfce, LXDE, etc. are "desktop environments" or "skins."

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desktop_environment

Most distros have screenshots of the different versions on their website.
 
Old 02-03-2013, 05:43 PM   #3
White Essence
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Feb 2013
Posts: 18

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: Disabled
Quote:
Originally Posted by snowpine View Post
KDE, Gnome, Xfce, LXDE, etc. are "desktop environments" or "skins."

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desktop_environment

Most distros have screenshots of the different versions on their website.
So you can do the same things in all of them, just in a different manner? Like performing the same task in two different versions of Windows?
 
Old 02-03-2013, 05:47 PM   #4
snowpine
Senior Member
 
Registered: Feb 2009
Posts: 4,037

Rep: Reputation: 1099Reputation: 1099Reputation: 1099Reputation: 1099Reputation: 1099Reputation: 1099Reputation: 1099Reputation: 1099
Most applications (Firefox, LibreOffice, Skype, etc.) will run in any desktop environment. You can even have 2 (or more) DE's installed over the same base OS, and choose between them depending on your mood that day.
 
Old 02-03-2013, 06:02 PM   #5
White Essence
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Feb 2013
Posts: 18

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: Disabled
Quote:
Originally Posted by snowpine View Post
Most applications (Firefox, LibreOffice, Skype, etc.) will run in any desktop environment. You can even have 2 (or more) DE's installed over the same base OS, and choose between them depending on your mood that day.
Alrighty then, I'll just test a few of them out and see which ones I prefer. I figured they had different versions for different functionality options or soomething...
 
Old 02-03-2013, 06:10 PM   #6
Philip Lacroix
Member
 
Registered: Jun 2012
Distribution: Slackware{,-current}, OpenBSD
Posts: 361

Rep: Reputation: 377Reputation: 377Reputation: 377Reputation: 377
Quote:
Originally Posted by White Essence View Post
So you can do the same things in all of them, just in a different manner?
You'll have different window decorations, panels, configuration tools, maybe dedicated applications like web browsers or office suites (which you can run within another desktop environment as well) but, beside these differences, the operating system will remain the same and you can do the same things.

Quote:
Originally Posted by White Essence View Post
Like performing the same task in two different versions of Windows?
No, because the operating system doesn't change, whereas different versions of Windows mean different operating systems. Linux is freedom of choice, so you can choose the graphical interface(s) you prefer, on the same system: a desktop environment is just a graphical context with dedicated tools and, sometimes, applications.

Last edited by Philip Lacroix; 02-03-2013 at 06:27 PM.
 
1 members found this post helpful.
Old 02-04-2013, 04:46 AM   #7
grail
LQ Guru
 
Registered: Sep 2009
Location: Perth
Distribution: Manjaro
Posts: 9,246

Rep: Reputation: 2684Reputation: 2684Reputation: 2684Reputation: 2684Reputation: 2684Reputation: 2684Reputation: 2684Reputation: 2684Reputation: 2684Reputation: 2684Reputation: 2684
I would add a small addendum to Philip's post to say that whilst with Windows the norm is for not only the desktop to change but also the underlying OS, you can consider KDE, Gnome and so on
to be similar to a Windows XP desktop compared to the Aero desktop of Windows 7. So ultimately it is a look and feel of how you see and interact with different parts of the OS which
will generally be the same for distributions at the same age.
 
1 members found this post helpful.
Old 02-04-2013, 03:46 PM   #8
White Essence
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Feb 2013
Posts: 18

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: Disabled
Thumbs up

Quote:
Originally Posted by Philip Lacroix View Post
You'll have different window decorations, panels, configuration tools, maybe dedicated applications like web browsers or office suites (which you can run within another desktop environment as well) but, beside these differences, the operating system will remain the same and you can do the same things.



No, because the operating system doesn't change, whereas different versions of Windows mean different operating systems. Linux is freedom of choice, so you can choose the graphical interface(s) you prefer, on the same system: a desktop environment is just a graphical context with dedicated tools and, sometimes, applications.
Thank you (this was more helpful in my opinion than the above,shuuuuu...)
 
Old 02-04-2013, 07:00 PM   #9
suicidaleggroll
LQ Guru
 
Registered: Nov 2010
Location: Colorado
Distribution: OpenSUSE, CentOS
Posts: 5,258

Rep: Reputation: 1947Reputation: 1947Reputation: 1947Reputation: 1947Reputation: 1947Reputation: 1947Reputation: 1947Reputation: 1947Reputation: 1947Reputation: 1947Reputation: 1947
In addition to the above, I would also like to suggest that you start out with the default desktop environment for whatever distribution you choose (Unity for Ubuntu, Cinnamon for Mint, KDE for OpenSUSE, Gnome2 for Debian/CentOS, Gnome3 for Fedora, etc.). Once you have it up and running, installing and switching to other desktop environments is trivially easy. For example, once you have OpenSUSE up and running on KDE, installing XFCE is just a one-liner:
Code:
zypper in -t pattern xfce
Once it's done, just log out and then log back in with the XFCE DE.

The reason I'm suggesting this is because sometimes you can run into dependency problems if you ONLY install the lesser-known and lesser-used DE. Usually this can be avoided if you start out with the primary DE, and then install the other one on top of it. The primary DE will include all of the libraries and utilities that the other DE really needs, but doesn't necessarily come with or report to the package manager that it needs.

Note that the different "versions" you download off of the website are only split up that way to fit onto the CD version of the ISO. If you download the DVD ISO it will usually include all of them and you can select which one(s) you want to install during the OS installation.

Last edited by suicidaleggroll; 02-04-2013 at 07:07 PM.
 
  


Reply


Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is Off
HTML code is Off



Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
2 g++ versions from different distributions kpachopoulos Debian 2 07-16-2009 11:39 AM


All times are GMT -5. The time now is 06:54 AM.

Main Menu
Advertisement
My LQ
Write for LQ
LinuxQuestions.org is looking for people interested in writing Editorials, Articles, Reviews, and more. If you'd like to contribute content, let us know.
Main Menu
Syndicate
RSS1  Latest Threads
RSS1  LQ News
Twitter: @linuxquestions
Facebook: linuxquestions Google+: linuxquestions
Open Source Consulting | Domain Registration