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You will have to be far, far, far, far more specific.
Other than the fact that they've got completely different syntaxes, you need to compile a c programme into something that can be run by itself, while a shell script is interpreted by another programme (the shell).
A shell script is a set of commands that are run in sequence by a shell; a program in any language is a set of instructions that are run directly by the machine (?) when compiled, except for interpreted languages, of course. Ask the mighty Google for more.
Aside from the fact that they are both programming languages, they have almost nothing at all in common. C is translated into raw CPU instructions, while a shell script is basically a set of commands to run in sequence.