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Old 02-16-2009, 09:10 AM   #1
Ejdaha
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Registered: Jan 2007
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Create file using tar and ls commands


Hi All
I have a file aa.txt

I want to tar it. I'm using
tar -cvf aa.tar aa.txt

There's only one .txt file in my folder. I want to ls my folder, get the file's name and create a tar with its name

ls *.txt
aa.txt

And I want not to give the tar file's name directly, but use the result of ls as tar file's name. It's name will be aa.txt.tar

Thank you very much
 
Old 02-16-2009, 09:42 AM   #2
i92guboj
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You don't need ls, you probably want to look at the --wildcards parameter for tar.
 
Old 02-16-2009, 09:55 AM   #3
jschiwal
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Suppose that you wanted to archive all pdf files in ~/Documents, but many are in subdirectories. Or perhaps you want to archive pdf files in ~/Documents/ that are over 30 days old.

cd ~
find Documents -type f -iname "*.pdf" -ctime +30 -print0 | xargs -0 tar -C ~/ -czf pdf_archive_Feb16_2009.tar.gz

I used -print0 in case the filenames contained white space. Null characters are used instead of \n between filenames. The -0 argument to xargs will use those nulls to separate arguments.

You can do something similar with ls:
ls Documents/*.pdf | tr '\n' '\0' | xargs -0 tar -C ~/ -czf pdf_archive_Feb16_2009.tar.gz
 
  


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